serpulid


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serpulid

(ˈsɜːpjʊlɪd)
n
(Animals) a marine polychaete worm of the family Serpulidae, which constructs and lives in a calcareous tube attached to stones or seaweed and has a crown of ciliated tentacles
[C19: Latin, from serpula a little serpent]
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A variety of organisms attach to the shells of molluscs, including algae, protozoans, sponges, hydroids, anemones, serpulid worms, limpets, mussels, barnacles, tanaids, amphipods, tunicates, and others.
Taphonomically, important encrusters whose have hard-parts include bryozoans, serpulid worms, foraminifera, corals and barnacles (Parsons and Brett, 1991; Perry, 2000; McKinney, 1996, El-Hedeny, 2005, 2007a, b).
For example, in the Mexican (western) Caribbean, the serpulid polychaetes of hard bottom substrates were described by Bastida-Zavala & Salazar vallejo (2000).
Similarly, the inception of bottom fishing was implicated in the declining abundance of four species of tubicolous serpulid polychaetes in the Irish Sea (Bradshaw et al.
Thirty years later, Ehlers (1887) identified Spirobranchus incrassatus (Kroyer, 1863) in the Bay of Acapulco, the first record for the Mexican Pacific, but it was not until 1904 that Bush described a new species from the Mexican Pacific region: the serpulid Eupomatus humilis, a species currently valid as Hydroides humilis fide Pillai (1972).
In certain conditions the tubes can become very dense and form reefs, known as serpulid reefs.
Attached to the surface are coiled serpulid worm skeletons, muddy or chitinous tube worm casts (Pogonophora) up to 5 cm long, brittle starfish, and benthic foraminifera.
It was also reported in a serpulid tube at the center island of Islas Benitos, Baja California, Sur on 5 August 1998 (R.
During the duckling decades, thousands of acres of Great South Bay oyster bottom that once produced prized Blue Points, produced only a bumper crop of serpulid worms.
Reefs are constructed by various kinds of organisms including, among others, oysters, vermetid gastropods, serpulid polychaetes, calcifying algae (in particular red algae or Rhodophytes), hydrozoans, and corals.