and large agglutinated lituolids) and serpulids
. Locally the thalli are strongly bored by microorganisms.
Hydroides and Neodexiospira species dominated with occasional occurrences of different species of syllids.
find that eyes on the fan-like feeding appendages of serpulids
, a type of tube-dwelling polychaete worm, detect light using an invertebrate c-opsin.
But probably unstable substrate was not favorable for some epibenthic sessile organisms, including epibionts such as serpulids
. Only some patches of ostreids are recorded in the fine quartz sands.
(38) The cone-in-cone structures of Cloudina, and the more tubular Sinotubulites could have been produced by various types of worms such as serpulids
. However, as with the trace fossils, the identity of the actual tube formers remains unknown.
Bekhmeia wetzeli,Vermiforma carinata, Carozziiella striata, Favreina sp., Titinopsella carpathica, Tintinid, Sponge spicules, Saccocoma sp., Echinoid remains, Stromatholite, Radiolaria, Mollusca fragments, Gastropoda, Serpulids
, Corals, Stromatoporidea
Metazoan organisms such as sponges, serpulids
and other living creatures dominated the reefs.
corrugata and Haliotis fulgens (Philippi 1854) include drilling clams (Lithophaga and Penitella), drilling sponges (Cliona spp.), and polychaetes (serpulids
, spirorbids, and Polydora spp.
There are reports in the literature of Cambrian and Ordovician serpulids
, colourful structures found in only four other spots in the world - one of them also in Scotland - have been found growing in a sea loch.
1990) of recent serpulids
Placostegus tridentatus (Pl.
Abstract: From the revision of more than 1 250 serpulids
, 15 species from the Grand Caribbean Region were identified and characterized.