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1. A large heavy boat, usually having two masts and carrying lugsails.
2. A small open boat fitted with oars or sails, or both, and used primarily in shallow waters.

[Early Modern English, from French chaloppe, chaloupe, a kind of flat boat, shallop, from Middle French chaloppe, nutshell (from the shape of the boat's hull), from Old French eschalope : eschale, variant of escale, husk, shell; see skel- in Indo-European roots + -oppe as in enveloppe, covering (from enveloper, to envelop; see envelop).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Nautical Terms) a light boat used for rowing in shallow water
2. (Nautical Terms) (formerly) a two-masted gaff-rigged vessel
[C16: from French chaloupe, from Dutch sloep sloop]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈʃæl əp)

any of various two-masted vessels used in previous centuries for sailing or rowing in coastal waters.
[1570–80; < French chaloupe < German Schaluppe sloop]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in classic literature ?
Four shallops came off with very little noise alongside the lugger, which, no doubt, in acknowledgement of the compliment, lowered her own shallop into the sea, and the five boats worked so well that by two o'clock in the morning all the cargo was out of The Young Amelia and on terra firma.
The doomed in his drifting shallop, Is tranced with the sad sweet tone, He sees not the yawning breakers, He sees but the maid alone:
After eleven months wandering in the wilderness, a great part of the time over trackless wastes, where the sight of a savage wigwam was a rarity, we may imagine the delight of the poor weatherbeaten travellers, at beholding the embryo establishment, with its magazines, habitations, and picketed bulwarks, seated on a high point of land, dominating a beautiful little bay, in which was a trim-built shallop riding quietly at anchor.
In due time the boats were lowered, but as standing in his shallop's stern, Ahab just hovered upon the point of the descent, he waved to the mate, --who held one of the tackle-ropes on deck --and bade him pause.
They had no more to do then but to get into their boats, which, to their great comfort, were pretty large; being their long-boat, and a great shallop, besides a small skiff, which was of no great service to them, other than to get some fresh water and provisions into her, after they had secured their lives from the fire.
The only circumstance that throws anything like a vague light on this mysterious matter is a report which prevailed of a strange, foreign-built shallop, with much the look of a picaroon,[1] having been seen hovering about the Sound for several days without landing or reporting herself, though boats were seen going to and from her at night; and that she was seen standing out of the mouth of the harbor, in the gray of the dawn, after the catastrophe of the money diggers.
Occasionally the projecting out-riggers of their slight shallops running foul of one another, would become entangled beneath the water, threatening to capsize the canoes, when a scene of confusion would ensue that baffles description.
I, too, have remarked it, and the observation was the more naturally made, for, before the last two fatal days, barks and shallops were as plentiful as shrimps."
(13) According to the testimony of an eye witness, crew members abandoned Hudson on June 22, 1611, setting him adrift in a small shallop with minimal provisions, along with his young son, John, and several others who were either loyal to Hudson or too sick to be of any use to the mutineers.
Meanwhile, Cartwright last mentions Tilsed in his journals on 18 August 1786, when Tilsed met him across the straits at Quirpon Island, having arrived there separately in a shallop with the news that one of the convicts had escaped.