In such expressions, Chineseness of the residual variety functioned as an example of an object in what Law and Mol (2001) term a "topology of fire", in which shape constancy is achieved by "abrupt and discontinuous movements ...
The task Law and Mol set for topological analysis is to unpack the particular spatial presuppositions that underlie the movements of knowledge, institutions, and objects on the one hand and to track the particular characteristics of shape constancy in dynamic (inter)topological forms on the other.
Perceptual constancies underpin perceptual discrimination of images; for example, shape constancy facilitates recognition of a configuration.
Treatment two consisted of six sets of drawing exercises in visual discrimination and differentiation activities that involved children making graphic images that required figure/ground discrimination skills, spatial orientation, size and shape constancy, and visual disembedding (Bottrell, 2001).
The task of identifying a lamella presented outside of the frontal plane involves an additional element of spatial transformation usually associated with studies of shape constancy. Depending on its orientation, a lamella can therefore serve in investigations of real space on two levels: 2D (that of a fronto-parallel plane) and 3D (that of true space).
Inferior performance on oblique lamellae probably indicates that perception of shape constancy presents an additional impediment.
(1979) demonstrated the presence of shape constancy
, an important component of stable object recognition.
Before discussing false runway perceptions in the landing environment, one must first understand the concepts of size and shape constancy
. Size constancy is the human expectation for familiar things to be the same size in most situations.
They postulate that the responses obtained are in the nature of a compromise between those which would be obtained on a task involving real space and hence true distance constancy, and those which would be obtained had the participants been required simply to space equally figures in the plane of the picture, that is involving pictorial 2-D constancy; the process involved is thus analogous to that conceived by Thouless (1972) as an explanation of shape constancy
There has been a vast amount of research into shape constancy
, along with various theoretical frameworks competing to explain related phenomena (see Pizlo, 1994, for a review).