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Any of various early double-reed wind instruments, forerunners of the modern oboe.
[Middle English schalme, from Old French chalemie, alteration of chalemel, from Late Latin calamellus, diminutive of Latin calamus, reed, from Greek kalamos.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Instruments) music a medieval form of the oboe with a conical bore and flaring bell, blown through a double reed
[C14 shalmye, from Old French chalemie, ultimately from Latin calamus a reed, from Greek kalamos]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
an early double-reed woodwind instrument.
[1505–15; < Middle French chaume < Latin calamus stalk < Greek kálamos reed]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||shawm - a medieval oboe|
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