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1. Used to refer to the female person or animal previously mentioned or implied. See Usage Notes at he1, I1, they.
2. Used to refer to a person whose gender is unspecified or unknown.
3. Used in place of it to refer to certain inanimate things, such as ships and nations, traditionally perceived as female: "Went out and hopped in my old Ford / Hit the engine but she ain't turnin'" (Bruce Springsteen).
A female animal or person. Sometimes used in combination: Is the cat a she? Is that a she-bear?

[Middle English, probably alteration of Old English sēo, feminine demonstrative pron.; see so- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


pron (subjective)
1. refers to a female person or animal: she is a doctor; she's a fine mare.
2. refers to things personified as feminine, such as cars, ships, and nations
3. Austral and NZ an informal word for it13: she's apples; she'll be right.
a. a female person or animal
b. (in combination): she-cat.
[Old English sīe, accusative of sēo, feminine demonstrative pronoun]
Usage: See at me1
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



pron., sing. nom. she, poss. her hers, obj. her; pron.
1. the female person or animal being discussed or last mentioned; that female.
2. the woman: She who listens learns.
3. anything considered, as by personification, to be feminine: spring, with all the memories she conjures up.
4. a female person or animal.
5. an object or device considered as female or feminine.
[1125–75; Middle English, alter. of Old English sēo, sīo, sīe, feminine of se the1; compare her]
usage: See he1, me, they.


(ˈʃi ərˈhi, ˈʃiˈhi)

she or he: used as an orthographic device to avoid he when the sex of the antecedent is unknown or irrelevant. Compare she/he.
usage: See he1.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'he'

He, him, his, and himself are sometimes used to refer back to an indefinite pronoun or to a word such as person, child, or student.

If anybody complained about this, he was told that things would soon get back to normal.
It won't hurt a child to have his meals at a different time.

Many people object to this use because it suggests that the person referred to is male.

2. 'he or she'

You can sometimes use he or she, him or her, his or her, or himself or herself.

A parent may feel that he or she has nothing to give a child.
Anyone can call himself or herself a psychologist, even if untrained and unqualified.

Many people avoid these expressions because they think they sound clumsy and unnatural, especially when more than one of them is used in the same sentence.

In writing, some people use s/he to mean he or she.

3. 'they'

Most people use they, them, and their.

Everyone thinks they know what the problems of living with a teenager are.
Often when we touch someone we are demonstrating our love for them.
Don't hope to change anyone or their attitudes.

This use used to be considered incorrect, but it is now the most common form in both spoken and written English, and is used in formal and informal writing.

It is often possible to avoid all the above uses. You can sometimes do this by using plurals. For example, instead of saying 'Every student has his own room', you can say 'All the students have their own rooms'. Instead of saying 'Anyone who goes inside must take off his shoes', you can say 'People who go inside must take off their shoes'.


1. used as the subject of a verb

She can be the subject of a verb. You use she to refer to a woman, girl, or female animal that has already been mentioned, or whose identity is known.

'So long,' Mary said as she passed Miss Saunders.
The eggs of the female mosquito can only mature if she has a meal of human blood.

When the subject of a sentence is followed by a relative clause, you do not use she in front of the main verb. You do not say, for example, 'The woman who lives next door, she is a doctor'. You say 'The woman who lives next door is a doctor'.

The woman who owns this cabin will come back in the autumn.
2. used to refer to things

She is sometimes used instead of 'it' to refer to a country, ship, or car.

Now Britain needs new leadership if she is to play a significant role shaping Europe's future development.
When the repairs had been done she was a fine and beautiful ship.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
أي أنْثى، أي إمْرأَهمُؤَنَّثهِيَهي: ضَمير الغائِبَه
hunden kvindeden pige
그 여자
cô ấybà ấy


1. (emphatic, to avoid ambiguity) → ella
we went to the cinema but she didn'tnosotros fuimos al cine pero ella no
it's she whoes ella quien ...
you've got more money than she hastienes más dinero que ella
Don't translate the subject pronoun when not emphasizing or clarifying:
she's very nicees muy maja
she's a teacheres profesora
2. (frm) she who wishes toquien desee ..., la que desee ...
B. N it's a she (= animal) → es hembra; (= baby) → es una niña
C. CPD she-bear Nosa f
she-cat Ngata f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈʃiː](STRONG) [ʃi]
(for girl, woman)elle
She's very nice → Elle est très gentille.
it is she who ... → c'est elle qui ...
there she is! → la voilà!
(for ship, yacht, car)il(elle)
it's a she (for baby)c'est une fille; (for animal)c'est une femelle
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


pronsie; (of boats, cars etc)es; she who … (liter)diejenige, die …; it is she (form)sie ist es
nSie f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


1. pers pron
a. (used of people, animals) → lei
she has gone out → è uscita
there she is → eccola
SHE didn't do it → non è stata lei a farlo
b. (used of countries, cars, ships) she does 0 to 60 in 10 secondsha un'accelerazione da 0 a 60 in 10 secondi
2. n it's a she (animal) (fam) (baby) → è una femmina
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ʃiː) pronoun
(used only as the subject of a verb).
1. a female person or animal already spoken about. When the girl saw us, she asked the time.
2. any female person. She who runs the fastest will be the winner.
a female person or animal. Is a cow a he or a she?
female. a she-wolf.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


هِيَ ona hun sie αυτή ella hän elle ona lei 彼女は 그 여자 zij hun ona ela она hon เธอ o cô ấy
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
But she was like another woman to him when he appeared before her on his way to the polling-booth.
There were many different emotions in her soul, and she passed from mood to mood with facility.
The mother, however, loved the ugly and lazy one best, because she was her own daughter, and so the other, who was only her stepdaughter, was made to do all the work of the house, and was quite the Cinderella of the family.
Though Anna had obstinately and with exasperation contradicted Vronsky when he told her their position was impossible, at the bottom of her heart she regarded her own position as false and dishonorable, and she longed with her whole soul to change it.
It seemed to her a very large amount of money, and the way in which it stuffed and bulged her worn old porte-monnaie gave her a feeling of importance such as she had not enjoyed for years.
Everybody looked at her feet; and when she stepped through the chancel door on the church pavement, it seemed to her as if the old figures on the tombs, those portraits of old preachers and preachers' wives, with stiff ruffs, and long black dresses, fixed their eyes on her red shoes.
Seating herself "for ten minutes," she said: "By the way, Mr.
Tess had thirty pounds coming to her almost immediately from Angel's bankers, and, the case being so deplorable, as soon as the sum was received she sent the twenty as requested.
Then she reached the three cutting swords, and got on her plough-wheel and rolled over them.
Mary had liked to look at her mother from a distance and she had thought her very pretty, but as she knew very little of her she could scarcely have been expected to love her or to miss her very much when she was gone.
"Yes, I think I can fairly say I have finished it," she said.
She was to surrender the farm and the crops as they stood in June, but as there was to be no new immediate tenant in her old house it was easily arranged that she could continue in it until the cottage in Fallon would be empty in September.