Performance of Shear Stud
Clusters for Precast Concrete Bridge Deck Panels.
Based on the numerical results, a set of equations for quantifying the shear stud
force demands and a series of nondimensional design charts for determining the internal forces of the embedded steel plates were also constructed.
The American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) requires weld-down of the deck or a shear stud
at spacings not to exceed 18 inches.
Matsui, "Evaluation for fatigue strength of shear studs
in steel plate-concrete composite deck," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol.
Even though a beam is designed as a full composite section, due to the deformation of shear studs
, it cannot respond with perfect composite action without slip.
The maximum diagonal dimension of the H-section in Table 2, including shear studs
, is 669 mm because headed studs are typically welded to an H-shaped column in a workshop and then delivered to the field.
Subsequent papers review innovations in composite systems, composite slabs, composite floors, composite columns, practical applications, shear studs
and connectors, fire resistance (e.g., in car parks), and seismic behavior and design.
(2000) used a composite structure of laminated FRP reinforced beams (tension side) combined with concrete on the compression side with lag screws used as shear studs
, thus effectively combining three materials.
(25 mm) headed shear studs
welded to the beams, and haunch forms installed, the deck panels were set in place.