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n. pl. shi·gel·lae (-gĕl′ē) also shi·gel·las
Any of various nonmotile, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Shigella, which includes some species that cause dysentery.

[New Latin Shigella, genus name, after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870-1957), Japanese bacteriologist.]


(Microbiology) any rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium of the genus Shigella; some species cause dysentery
[C20: named after K. Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese bacteriologist, who discovered it]


(ʃɪˈgɛl ə)

n., pl. -gel•lae (-ˈgɛl i)
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Shigella, certain species of which are pathogenic.
[< New Latin (1918), after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese scientist; see -ella]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shigella - rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; some are pathogenic for warm-blooded animals; can be used as a bioweapon
enteric bacteria, enterics, enterobacteria, entric - rod-shaped Gram-negative bacteria; most occur normally or pathogenically in intestines of humans and other animals
genus Shigella - a genus of bacteria
shiga bacillus, Shigella dysentariae - a bacillus that causes dysentery
References in periodicals archive ?
Electronic auction: providing services for research on shigella and salmonella
Shigellosis, also known as Shigella Sonnei, is caused by shigella bacteria that infect the gut, causing diarrhoea (often watery or slimy and sometimes bloody), fever, stomach cramps and sometimes vomiting.
M2 EQUITYBITES-April 11, 2017-Hilleman Laboratories to work on shigella vaccine with Indian Government
M2 PHARMA-April 11, 2017-Hilleman Laboratories to work on shigella vaccine with Indian Government
Salmonella and Shigella in food handlers and quinolone resistance).
Shigella bacteria are transmitted through the fecal-oral route by direct contact with an infected person, by ingestion of contaminated food or water, or by fomites.
Enlarged incidence of antibiotic resistance in Shigella flexneri create a major public health anxiety [2, 3].
Infection by Shigella species is one of the major cause of morbidity especially in children with diarrhea.
In July 2015, Shigella sonnei infections with a specific pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern linked to a multistate outbreak were recognized among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Portland metropolitan area, and an outbreak investigation was initiated.
Objective: To identify clinical and microbiological characteristics of Shigella infections among cancer patients.