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n. pl. shi·gel·lae (-gĕl′ē) also shi·gel·las
Any of various nonmotile, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Shigella, which includes some species that cause dysentery.

[New Latin Shigella, genus name, after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870-1957), Japanese bacteriologist.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Microbiology) any rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium of the genus Shigella; some species cause dysentery
[C20: named after K. Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese bacteriologist, who discovered it]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ʃɪˈgɛl ə)

n., pl. -gel•lae (-ˈgɛl i)
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Shigella, certain species of which are pathogenic.
[< New Latin (1918), after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese scientist; see -ella]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shigella - rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; some are pathogenic for warm-blooded animals; can be used as a bioweapon
enteric bacteria, enterics, enterobacteria, entric - rod-shaped Gram-negative bacteria; most occur normally or pathogenically in intestines of humans and other animals
genus Shigella - a genus of bacteria
shiga bacillus, Shigella dysentariae - a bacillus that causes dysentery
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Shigella challenge model was used to assess the therapeutic potential of Travelan as a prevention treatment for shigellosis or dysentery.
One hospital used a commercial multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) gastrointestinal panel to test stool specimens from 25 patients; all tested positive for Shigella/EIEC (Shigella and EIEC are difficult to differentiate in clinical specimens, and the commercial panel does not distinguish between the two).
para typhi B, Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella sonnei, and Vibrio cholrae) were employed.
THERE has been a recent increase in the nasty vomiting bug Shigella across the UK.
Two guests evacuated from an Egyptian hotel where a British couple died last week say they developed apotentially life-threatening condition known as shigella.
coli, Pseudomonas spp., Staphylococcus spp., Shigella spp., etc are excreted in animal's feces (Brittingham et al., 1998).
The aim of the present study was to evaluate enzymatic activities of the bacterial strain Shigella dysenteriae IM using API-ZYM test system.
Dysentery or bloody diarrhea one of them caused by Shigella. Shigella dysenteriae is one of the most important etiologies of acute diarrhea infection and dysentery.
One scientist, working at a PHE lab, contracted the infectious disease shigella, while another private company employee was hospitalised after falling ill with salmonella poisoning.
Of the enteric pathogens Salmonella and Shigella species are of particular concerns as causes of enteric fevers, food poisoning, and gastroenteritis [1, 2].