shirk

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shirk 1

 (shûrk)
v. shirked, shirk·ing, shirks
v.tr.
To avoid or neglect (a duty or responsibility).
v.intr.
To avoid work or duty.

[Perhaps from German Schurke, scoundrel; akin to Old High German fiurscurgo, demon : fiur, fire + scurigen, to stir up.]

shirk′er n.

shirk 2

 (shûrk, shîrk)
n. Islam
The sin of offering worship to idols or to any being other than God.

[Arabic širk, association (of an idol) as a partner to God, sharing (of an idol) in the worship due to God alone, shirk, from šarika, to share, associate, be a partner; akin to Akkadian šarāku, to give, bestow and Ugaritic šrk, to associate with.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

shirk

(ʃɜːk)
vb
to avoid discharging (work, a duty, etc); evade
n
a person who shirks
[C17: probably from German Schurke rogue; see shark2]

shirk

(ʃɪːk)
n
(Islam) Islam
a. the fundamental sin of regarding anything as equal to Allah
b. any belief that is considered to be in opposition to Allah and Islam
[from Arabic: association]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

shirk

(ʃɜrk)

v.t.
1. to evade (work, duty, etc.).
v.i.
2. to evade work, duty, etc.
n.
3. a shirker.
[1625–35; obscurely akin to shark2]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

shirk


Past participle: shirked
Gerund: shirking

Imperative
shirk
shirk
Present
I shirk
you shirk
he/she/it shirks
we shirk
you shirk
they shirk
Preterite
I shirked
you shirked
he/she/it shirked
we shirked
you shirked
they shirked
Present Continuous
I am shirking
you are shirking
he/she/it is shirking
we are shirking
you are shirking
they are shirking
Present Perfect
I have shirked
you have shirked
he/she/it has shirked
we have shirked
you have shirked
they have shirked
Past Continuous
I was shirking
you were shirking
he/she/it was shirking
we were shirking
you were shirking
they were shirking
Past Perfect
I had shirked
you had shirked
he/she/it had shirked
we had shirked
you had shirked
they had shirked
Future
I will shirk
you will shirk
he/she/it will shirk
we will shirk
you will shirk
they will shirk
Future Perfect
I will have shirked
you will have shirked
he/she/it will have shirked
we will have shirked
you will have shirked
they will have shirked
Future Continuous
I will be shirking
you will be shirking
he/she/it will be shirking
we will be shirking
you will be shirking
they will be shirking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shirking
you have been shirking
he/she/it has been shirking
we have been shirking
you have been shirking
they have been shirking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shirking
you will have been shirking
he/she/it will have been shirking
we will have been shirking
you will have been shirking
they will have been shirking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shirking
you had been shirking
he/she/it had been shirking
we had been shirking
you had been shirking
they had been shirking
Conditional
I would shirk
you would shirk
he/she/it would shirk
we would shirk
you would shirk
they would shirk
Past Conditional
I would have shirked
you would have shirked
he/she/it would have shirked
we would have shirked
you would have shirked
they would have shirked
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.shirk - avoid (one's assigned duties); "The derelict soldier shirked his duties"
avoid - refrain from doing something; "She refrains from calling her therapist too often"; "He should avoid publishing his wife's memories"
scrimshank - British military language: avoid work
malinger, skulk - avoid responsibilities and duties, e.g., by pretending to be ill
slack - avoid responsibilities and work, be idle
2.shirk - avoid dealing with; "She shirks her duties"
avoid - stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something; "Her former friends now avoid her"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

shirk

verb
1. dodge, avoid, evade, get out of, duck (out of) (informal), shun, sidestep, body-swerve (Scot.), bob off (Brit. slang), scrimshank (Brit. military slang) We will not shirk the task of considering the need for further action.
2. skive (Brit. slang), slack, idle, malinger, swing the lead, gold-brick (U.S. slang), bob off (Brit. slang), bludge (Austral. & N.Z. informal), scrimshank (Brit. military slang) He was sacked for shirking.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

shirk

verb
1. To avoid the fulfillment of:
Idiom: let slide.
2. To pass time without working or in avoiding work:
bum (around), idle, laze, loaf, loiter, lounge.
Slang: diddle, goldbrick, goof (off).
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يَتَهَرَّب، يَتَمَلَّص
vyhnout se
unddrage sig
koma sér undan
išsisukinėtojas
izvairītiesnovelt

shirk

[ʃɜːk]
A. VT [+ duty] → esquivar, zafarse de
B. VIgandulear
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

shirk

[ˈʃɜːrk]
vt [+ duty, responsibility] → se dérober à
vi (= avoid work) → tirer au flanc
to shirk from sth
He will not shirk from his responsibilities → Il ne se dérobera pas à ses responsabilités.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

shirk

vtsich drücken vor (+dat), → ausweichen (+dat)
visich drücken; you’re shirking!du willst dich drücken!
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

shirk

[ʃɜːk]
1. vt (duty) → sottrarsi a, sfuggire a; (issue) → ignorare; (work) → scansare
to shirk doing sth → evitare di fare qc
2. vifare lo/a scansafatiche
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

shirk

(ʃəːk) verb
to avoid doing, accepting responsibility for etc (something one ought to). She shirked telling him the bad news that night.
ˈshirker noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
He came between him and the shirks he should have punished.
And on both these days I had the restless feeling of one who shirks an inevitable duty.
There isn't a kinder soul in Avonlea and she never shirks her share of work."
"Yes, looking at the sky, I thought that the dome that I see is not a deception, and then I thought something, I shirked facing something," he mused.
Our young men shirked their duty, our philosophers and essayists shirked theirs.
And Hector answered, "Wife, I too have thought upon all this, but with what face should I look upon the Trojans, men or women, if I shirked battle like a coward?
She told me once that her Grandmother West always impressed upon her the fact that when she assumed any responsibility she must never shirk it, no matter what the consequences might be.
The gallant combatant came well primed by his master the duke as to how he was to bear himself against the valiant Don Quixote of La Mancha; being warned that he must on no account slay him, but strive to shirk the first encounter so as to avoid the risk of killing him, as he was sure to do if he met him full tilt.
Writing and accounts she was taught by her father; French by her mother: her proficiency in either was not remarkable, and she shirked her lessons in both whenever she could.
"My love, it's not you who would shirk a little trouble."
Now then, you children, get along with you and wash your hands all of you, and don't shirk it, because I mean to look at them before you have a scrap of dinner, so there."
"Do you think you'll be able to shirk unpleasant things all your life, Phil?"