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also shiv·ah or shib·ah  (shĭv′ə)
n. Judaism
A seven-day period of formal mourning observed after the funeral of a close relative.

[Yiddish shive, from Hebrew šib'â, seven; see šbʕ in Semitic roots.]


 (shē′və) also Si·va (shē′və, sē′-)
n. Hinduism
One of the principal Hindu deities, worshiped as the destroyer and restorer of worlds and in numerous other forms. Shiva is often conceived as a member of the Trimurti, along with Brahma and Vishnu.

[Sanskrit śivaḥ, from śiva-, auspicious, dear; see kei- in Indo-European roots.]

Shi′va·ism, Si′va·ism n.
Shi′va·ist, Si′va·ist n.


(ˈʃivɑ; ˈʃivə) or


1. (Judaism) the period of formal mourning lasting seven days from the funeral during which the mourner stays indoors and sits on a low stool
2. (Judaism) sit shivah to mourn
[from Hebrew, literally: seven (days)]


or shi•bah

(ˈʃɪv ə)

n. Judaism.
a mourning period of seven days observed after the funeral of a close relative.
[< Hebrew shibh‘āh literally, seven]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.shivah - (Judaism) a period of seven days of mourning after the death of close relative; "the family is sitting shiva"
Judaism - the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
hebdomad, week - any period of seven consecutive days; "it rained for a week"
References in periodicals archive ?
Today marks the seventh day of grieving and sitting shivah for the loss of our country and the woman who inspired us," (https://www.
21) The relative peace among Jews for almost two millennia following Shivah Asar B'Tammuz of 70 CE can hardly be accounted for without it.
The Shivah provides new ways and trajectories of being Jewish that move beyond other stereotypes and is based on the practice of Jewish faith" (p.
Dalloway's intertextuality with Wagner's opera Der fliegende Hollander, particularly the figure of the Wandering Jew, and the Jewish mourning practice of shivah.
In shivah we will not drape our bodies across the branches like a veil.
After the funeral, it is revealed to the four grown siblings that their father's dying wish was for them to spend seven days together in their childhood home sitting shivah.
Dream On, Amber by Emma Shivah This is an enjoyable story filled with laughter and life lessons.
His mother, Ruchama, watches this other family with a mixture of pity and resentment -- these "human powders" with their unapologetic lack of courtesy, who don't even manage to sit shivah properly.
The ancient rituals of death--from Hinduism's ritual washing of the body, to the Jewish custom of sitting shivah, or the Buddhist powa--shift us from a place of isolation, pain, and despair toward acceptance, connection, meaning, and wholeness.
Though not Jewish, Wake's actions against the Nazis during World War II grant her honorary admittance to the ranks of Shivah Stars.
Shortly after my father's funeral, during the seven-day period of mourning known as sitting shivah, I remember a visit from Mildred Levine.