shut off

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v. shut, shut·ting, shuts
a. To move (a door or lid, for example) so as to block passage through an opening.
b. To fasten with a lock, catch, or latch: shut the cabinet.
2. To block entrance to or exit from; close: shut a corridor.
3. To confine in a closed space: shut them in a cage.
4. To exclude from a closed space: shut the cats out of the house.
5. To fold up or bring together the parts of: shut the book.
6. To cause to stop operating: shut down a restaurant; a school that was shut for the vacation.
1. To move or become moved so as to block passage; close: a door that shuts by itself.
2. To stop operating, especially automatically: The electricity shuts off at midnight.
1. The act or time of shutting.
2. The line of connection between welded pieces of metal.
Phrasal Verbs:
shut off
1. To stop the flow or passage of; cut off: shut off the hot water by closing a valve.
2. To close off; isolate: loners who shut themselves off from the community.
shut out Sports
To prevent (an opponent) from scoring any runs or points.
shut up
1. To cause (someone) to stop speaking; silence.
2. To stop speaking.
shut (one's) eyes to
To refuse to consider or acknowledge: administrators who shut their eyes to pervasive corruption.

[Middle English shutten, from Old English scyttan; see skeud- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.shut off - stem the flow of; "shut off the gas when you leave for a vacation"
cease, discontinue, lay off, quit, stop, give up - put an end to a state or an activity; "Quit teasing your little brother"
2.shut off - isolate or separate; "She was shut off from the friends"
divide, separate - make a division or separation
curtain off - separate by means of a curtain
3.shut off - block off the passage throughshut off - block off the passage through; "We shut off the valve"
barricade, block, block up, blockade, block off, bar, stop - render unsuitable for passage; "block the way"; "barricade the streets"; "stop the busy road"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


To move (a door, for example) in order to cover an opening:
phrasal verb
shut in
To confine within a limited area:
cage, coop (in or up), enclose, fence (in), immure, mew (up), pen, shut up, wall (in or up).
phrasal verb
shut off or out
To cut off from sight:
phrasal verb
shut out
1. To exclude from normal social or professional activities:
2. To keep from being admitted, included, or considered:
3. To rid one's mind of:
phrasal verb
shut up
1. To confine within a limited area:
cage, coop (in or up), enclose, fence (in), immure, mew (up), pen, shut in, wall (in or up).
2. To enclose so as to hinder or prohibit escape:
3. To cause to become silent:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
يَبْتَعِد، يَنْفَصِل عَنيوقِف
uzavřítuzavřít se
lukke sig ude
einangra sig fráloka/skrúfa fyrir
kapatmaksoyutlamakuzak tutmak

w>shut off

vt sep
gas, water, electricityabstellen; light, engineab- or ausschalten; street(ab)sperren; the kettle shuts itself offder Wasserkessel schaltet von selbst ab
(= isolate)(ab)trennen; I feel very shut off on this islandich fühle mich auf dieser Insel sehr abgeschlossen; I feel shut off from my friends/civilizationich komme mir von meinen Freunden/der Zivilisation abgeschnitten vor; to shut oneself off (from something)sich abkapseln (von etw)
viabschalten; the heater shuts off automaticallydas Heizgerät schaltet (sich) automatisch ab
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


(ʃat) present participle ˈshutting: past tense, past participle shut verb
1. to move (a door, window, lid etc) so that it covers or fills an opening; to move (a drawer, book etc) so that it is no longer open. Shut that door, please!; Shut your eyes and don't look.
2. to become closed. The window shut with a bang.
3. to close and usually lock (a building etc) eg at the end of the day or when people no longer work there. The shops all shut at half past five; There's a rumour that the factory is going to be shut.
4. to keep in or out of some place or keep away from someone by shutting something. The dog was shut inside the house.
shut down (of a factory etc) to close or be closed, for a time or permanently: There is a rumour going round that the factory is going to (be) shut down (noun ˈshut-down)
shut off
1. to stop an engine working, a liquid flowing etc. I'll need to shut the gas off before I repair the fire.
2. to keep away (from); to make separate (from). He shut himself off from the rest of the world.
shut up
1. to (cause to) stop speaking. Tell them to shut up!; That'll shut him up!
2. to close and lock. It's time to shut up the shop.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
He lay on his side, the cords that bound his legs so tight as to bite into his tender flesh and shut off the circulation.
But at length they came unexpectedly upon a huge rock that shut off the passage and blocked them from proceeding a single step farther.
We shut off our beam as she adjusts herself--steering to a hair--over the tramp's conning-tower.
His throat was gripped, the thumbs shut off the blood from his brain, and darkness smote him.
He shut off the phonograph with a snap, started toward the door after her, then abruptly flung himself into a chair.
And really, looking at that place, landlocked from the sea and shut off from the land by the precipitous slopes of mountains, it was difficult to believe in the existence of any neighbourhood.
But he could seldom be turned from a purpose once formed; so we shut off the electric current from the fences, took an escort along, climbed over the enclosing ramparts of dead knights, and moved out upon the field.
It is only at home, in dock, that she lies abandoned, shut off from freedom by all the artifices of men that think of quick despatch and profitable freights.
Without an adequate income half the possibilities of life are shut off. The only thing to be careful about is that you do not pay more than a shilling for the shilling you earn.
But how was Chicago, shut off from the rest of the world, to know?
Tellson's Bank, established in the Saint Germain Quarter of Paris, was in a wing of a large house, approached by a courtyard and shut off from the street by a high wall and a strong gate.
Each made the other a warning gesture and stood still in the dim light beneath the curtain as if not wishing to leave that seclusion where they three were shut off from all the world.