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sick 1

adj. sick·er, sick·est
a. Suffering from or affected with a physical illness; ailing.
b. Of or for sick persons: sick wards.
c. Nauseated.
a. Mentally ill or disturbed.
b. Unwholesome, morbid, or sadistic: a sick joke; a sick crime.
3. Defective; unsound: a sick economy.
a. Deeply distressed; upset: sick with worry.
b. Disgusted; revolted.
c. Weary; tired: sick of it all.
d. Pining; longing: sick for his native land.
a. In need of repairs: a sick ship.
b. Constituting an unhealthy environment for those working or residing within: a sick office building.
6. Unable to produce a profitable yield of crops: sick soil.
7. Slang Excellent; outstanding: did a sick run down the halfpipe.
n. (used with a pl. verb)
1. Sick people considered as a group. Often used with the.
2. Chiefly British Vomit.
sick and tired
Thoroughly weary, discouraged, or bored.

[Middle English, from Old English sēoc.]

sick 2

Variant of sic2.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Medicine) inclined or likely to vomit
2. (Medicine)
a. suffering from ill health
b. (as collective noun; preceded by the): the sick.
3. (Medicine)
a. of, relating to, or used by people who are unwell: sick benefits.
b. (in combination): sickroom.
4. (Psychology) deeply affected with a mental or spiritual feeling akin to physical sickness: sick at heart.
5. (Psychology) mentally, psychologically, or spiritually disturbed
6. informal delighting in or catering for the macabre or sadistic; morbid: sick humour.
7. (often foll by of) informal Also: sick and tired disgusted or weary, esp because satiated: I am sick of his everlasting laughter.
8. (often foll by for) weary with longing; pining: I am sick for my own country.
9. pallid or sickly
10. not in working order
11. (Agriculture) (of land) unfit for the adequate production of certain crops
12. look sick slang to be outclassed
n, vb
(Medicine) an informal word for vomit
[Old English sēoc; related to Old Norse skjūkr, Gothic siuks, Old High German sioh]
ˈsickish adj


a variant spelling of sic2
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



adj. -er, -est.
1. afflicted with ill health or disease; ailing.
2. affected with nausea; inclined to vomit.
3. deeply affected with some distressing feeling: sick at heart.
4. mentally, morally, or emotionally deranged, corrupt, or unsound.
5. characteristic of a sick mind: sick fancies.
6. gruesome; sadistic: sick jokes.
7. of, pertaining to, or for use during sickness: sick benefits.
8. suggestive of sickness; sickly: a sick pallor.
9. disgusted; chagrined.
10. not in proper condition; impaired.
a. failing to sustain adequate harvests of some crop, usu. specified: a wheat-sick soil.
b. containing harmful microorganisms: a sick field.
sick and tired, exasperated and weary: sick and tired of working late.
[before 900; Middle English sik, sek, Old English sēoc, c. Old Frisian siāk, Old High German sioh, Old Norse sjūkr, Gothic siuks]
syn: See ill.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


  • anointing of the sick - The Catholic sacrament in which a priest anoints a dying person with oil and prays for salvation.
  • decumbiture - The act of going to bed when sick.
  • ill - Originally meant not "sick" but "bad," and was borrowed from Old Norse illr; the sense of "sick" arrived in the 15th century.
  • nauseous, nauseated - Nauseous ("sickening") is an adjective describing something that causes nausea; the adjective for the feeling ("made sick") is nauseated.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'ill' and 'sick'

Ill and sick are both used for saying that someone has a disease or some other problem with their health. You can use either ill or sick after a linking verb.

Manjit is ill and can't come to school.
Your uncle is very sick.

You usually use sick, rather than 'ill', in front of a noun.

She was at home looking after her sick baby.

However, you often use ill in front of a noun when you are also using an adverb such as seriously, chronically, or terminally.

This ward is for terminally ill patients.

Be Careful!
The usual comparative form of ill is worse.

The next day I felt worse.
2. 'be sick'

To be sick means to bring up food from your stomach.

Cristina ate so much that she was sick.
See sick

Be Careful!
Don't use 'ill' or 'sick' to say that someone has received an injury. Say that they are injured or hurt.

Two people were injured and taken to hospital after the car crash.
See hurt


1. 'sick'

A sick person has an illness or some other problem with their health.

She was at home looking after her sick baby.
He looked sick.
2. 'be sick'

In British English, to be sick usually means to bring up food through your mouth from your stomach.

I think I'm going to be sick.

In American English, to be sick means to be ill.

I was sick last week and couldn't go to work.

Be Careful!
Be sick meaning 'be ill' cannot be used in progressive forms. 'George is being sick' means 'George is bringing up food from his stomach'.

3. 'vomit' and 'throw up'

If you vomit, you bring up food through your mouth from your stomach. Vomit is a fairly formal word.

She had a pain in her stomach and began to vomit.

In conversation, some people say throw up instead of 'be sick'.

I think I'm going to throw up.
4. 'feel sick'

In British English, to feel sick means to feel that you want to vomit.

Being on a boat always makes me feel sick.

In American English, if someone feels sick, they feel ill.

Maya felt sick and was sent home from school.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: sicked
Gerund: sicking

I sick
you sick
he/she/it sicks
we sick
you sick
they sick
I sicked
you sicked
he/she/it sicked
we sicked
you sicked
they sicked
Present Continuous
I am sicking
you are sicking
he/she/it is sicking
we are sicking
you are sicking
they are sicking
Present Perfect
I have sicked
you have sicked
he/she/it has sicked
we have sicked
you have sicked
they have sicked
Past Continuous
I was sicking
you were sicking
he/she/it was sicking
we were sicking
you were sicking
they were sicking
Past Perfect
I had sicked
you had sicked
he/she/it had sicked
we had sicked
you had sicked
they had sicked
I will sick
you will sick
he/she/it will sick
we will sick
you will sick
they will sick
Future Perfect
I will have sicked
you will have sicked
he/she/it will have sicked
we will have sicked
you will have sicked
they will have sicked
Future Continuous
I will be sicking
you will be sicking
he/she/it will be sicking
we will be sicking
you will be sicking
they will be sicking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sicking
you have been sicking
he/she/it has been sicking
we have been sicking
you have been sicking
they have been sicking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sicking
you will have been sicking
he/she/it will have been sicking
we will have been sicking
you will have been sicking
they will have been sicking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sicking
you had been sicking
he/she/it had been sicking
we had been sicking
you had been sicking
they had been sicking
I would sick
you would sick
he/she/it would sick
we would sick
you would sick
they would sick
Past Conditional
I would have sicked
you would have sicked
he/she/it would have sicked
we would have sicked
you would have sicked
they would have sicked
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sick - people who are sicksick - people who are sick; "they devote their lives to caring for the sick"
people - (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively; "old people"; "there were at least 200 people in the audience"
Verb1.sick - eject the contents of the stomach through the mouthsick - eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; "After drinking too much, the students vomited"; "He purged continuously"; "The patient regurgitated the food we gave him last night"
egest, excrete, eliminate, pass - eliminate from the body; "Pass a kidney stone"
Adj.1.sick - affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function; "ill from the monotony of his suffering"
unfit - not in good physical or mental condition; out of condition; "fat and very unfit"; "certified as unfit for army service"; "drunk and unfit for service"
unhealthy - not in or exhibiting good health in body or mind; "unhealthy ulcers"
2.sick - feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit
ill, sick - affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function; "ill from the monotony of his suffering"
3.sick - affected with madness or insanitysick - affected with madness or insanity; "a man who had gone mad"
insane - afflicted with or characteristic of mental derangement; "was declared insane"; "insane laughter"
4.sick - having a strong distaste from surfeitsick - having a strong distaste from surfeit; "grew more and more disgusted"; "fed up with their complaints"; "sick of it all"; "sick to death of flattery"; "gossip that makes one sick"; "tired of the noise and smoke"
displeased - not pleased; experiencing or manifesting displeasure
5.sick - (of light) lacking in intensity or brightness; dim or feeble; "the pale light of a half moon"; "a pale sun"; "the late afternoon light coming through the el tracks fell in pale oblongs on the street"; "a pallid sky"; "the pale (or wan) stars"; "the wan light of dawn"
weak - wanting in physical strength; "a weak pillar"
6.sick - deeply affected by a strong feeling; "sat completely still, sick with envy"; "she was sick with longing"
moved, stirred, touched, affected - being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion; "too moved to speak"; "very touched by the stranger's kindness"
7.sick - shockingly repellentsick - shockingly repellent; inspiring horror; "ghastly wounds"; "the grim aftermath of the bombing"; "the grim task of burying the victims"; "a grisly murder"; "gruesome evidence of human sacrifice"; "macabre tales of war and plague in the Middle ages"; "macabre tortures conceived by madmen"
alarming - frightening because of an awareness of danger
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. unwell, ill, poorly (informal), diseased, weak, crook (Austral. & N.Z. informal), under par (informal), ailing, feeble, laid up (informal), under the weather, indisposed, on the sick list (informal) He's very sick.
unwell well, fit, healthy, fine, robust, fit and well, up to par, hale and hearty, fit as a fiddle, able-bodied
2. nauseous, ill, queasy, nauseated, bilious, green about the gills (informal), qualmish The very thought of food made him feel sick.
3. tired, bored, fed up, weary, glutted, jaded, blasé, satiated I am sick of hearing all these people moaning.
5. (Informal) morbid, cruel, sadistic, black, offensive, gruesome, macabre, ghoulish a sick joke about a cat
1. vomit, puke (slang) a dog examining a pile of sick
be sick vomit, throw up (informal), puke (slang), chuck (Austral. & N.Z. informal), heave, retch, barf (U.S. slang), chunder (slang, chiefly Austral.), upchuck (U.S. slang), do a technicolour yawn (slang), spew out or up, toss your cookies (U.S. slang) It was distressing to see her being sick all the time.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


1. Suffering from or affected with an illness:
Informal: laid up.
Chiefly Regional: poorly.
2. Of or associated with sickness:
3. Susceptible to or marked by preoccupation with unwholesome matters:
4. Out of patience with:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
سَقيم ، مَريضعَلِيلمُتْعَب، ضَجِر مِنمريضمُصاب بالغَثَيان
na zvracenínemocnýnevolnootrávenýšpatný
sygdårligdødtræt afkaste opkvalm
ælahundleiîurósmekklegur, sjúklegurveikur, sjúkur, lasinnvera miîur sín
atostogos dėl ligosįgrisęs iki gyvo kauloiš galvos kraustytisjaučiantis šleikštulįkelti šleikštulį
apnicisar sliktu dūšumuļķīgsneizdeviesnelaimīgs
chorýna vracanienechutnýzle
hastaiğrençkusmukmidesi bulanmışusanmış
buồn nôn


A. ADJ (sicker (compar) (sickest (superl)))
1. (= ill) [person] → enfermo; [animal] → malo, enfermo
your uncle is very sicktu tío está muy enfermo
to call in sick = to phone in sick
to fall sick (o.f.) → enfermar, caer enfermo
to go sickfaltar por estar enfermo (al colegio, trabajo, etc); (with a medical certificate) → estar de baja
to make sb look sick (US) (fig) (= appear inferior) → hacer parecer poca cosa a algn
the Romanians made our team look sicklos rumanos dejaron a nuestro equipo muy atrás, el equipo rumano era como para darle complejo a nuestro equipo
to be off sickfaltar por estar enfermo (al colegio, trabajo, etc); (with a medical certificate) → estar de baja
she phoned in sickllamó para decir que estaba enferma
to be sick at heart (o.f., also liter) (= despondent) → estar angustiado
see also worried 1
see also worry
to be sick (Brit) (= vomit) → devolver, vomitar
to feel sick (Brit) (= nauseous) → tener ganas de devolver or de vomitar, tener náuseas
flying makes me feel sickir en avión me produce mareo or náuseas
to make sb sick (lit) → hacer devolver or vomitar a algn
to make o.s. sick (deliberately) → hacerse vomitar or devolver
you'll make yourself sick if you eat all those sweetste vas a poner malo si comes todos esos caramelos
to be as sick as a dogechar las tripas, echar la primera papilla
see also airsick, seasick, travel-sick
3. (= fed up)
to be sick of (doing) sthestar harto de (hacer) algo
to be sick and tired or sick to death of (doing) sthestar hasta la coronilla de (hacer) algo, estar más que harto de (hacer) algo
to be sick of the sight of sbestar más que harto de algn
to be as sick as a parrot (Brit) → sentirse fatal
4. (= disgusted)
I feel sick about the way she was treatedme asquea la forma en que la trataron
it makes me sick the way they waste our moneyme pone enferma ver la manera en que malgastan nuestro dinero
she's never without a boyfriend, makes you sick, doesn't it?siempre tiene algún novio, da rabia ¿no?
it's enough to make you sickes como para sacarle a uno de quicio, es como para desesperarse
you make me sick!¡me das asco!
it makes me sick to my stomachme revienta, me da ganas de vomitar
5. (pej) (= morbid) [joke, act] → de mal gusto; [person, mind, sense of humour] → morboso
B. N
the sicklos enfermos
2. (Brit) (= vomit) → vómito m, devuelto m
C. CPD sick bag Nbolsa f para el mareo
sick building syndrome Nsíndrome m del edificio enfermo
sick leave N to be on sick leavetener permiso or (Sp) baja por enfermedad
sick list Nlista f de enfermos
to be on the sick listestar de permiso or (Sp) de baja por enfermedad
sick note Njustificante m por enfermedad
sick pay N pago que se percibe mientras se está con permiso por enfermedadbaja f (Sp)
sick up VT + ADV (Brit) → vomitar, devolver
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈsɪk] adj
(= ill) → malade
He was sick for four days → Il a été malade pendant quatre jours.
to fall sick → tomber malade
to be off sick → être en arrêt maladie
to be worried sick → être mort(e) d'inquiétude
(= vomiting) to be sick → vomir
violently sick → en proie à de violentes nausées
to feel sick → avoir mal au cœur, avoir envie de vomir
I feel sick → J'ai mal au cœur., J'ai envie de vomir.
[humour] → déjanté(e); [joke] → de mauvais goût; [mind] → malade
That's really sick! → C'est vraiment de mauvais goût!
(= fed up) to be sick of sth → en avoir assez de qch
I'm sick of your jokes → J'en ai assez de tes plaisanteries.
to be sick of doing sth → en avoir assez de faire qch
to be sick and tired of sth → en avoir plus qu'assez de qch
(= disgusted) to make sb sick → dégoûter qn
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


n (= vomit)Erbrochene(s) nt
adj (+er)
(= ill)krank (also fig); the sickdie Kranken pl; to be (off) sick(wegen Krankheit) fehlen; to fall or take sick, to be taken sickkrank werden; to go sickkrank werden; to call in or phone in (esp Brit) sicksich (telefonisch) krankmelden; she’s off sick with tonsillitissie ist wegen einer Mandelentzündung krankgeschrieben; he’s as sick as a parrot or dog (inf)ihm ist kotzübel (sl); he was sick at heart (liter)er war von Kummer verzehrt (liter)
(= vomiting or about to vomit) to be sickbrechen, sich übergeben, kotzen (sl); (esp cat, baby, patient) → spucken; he was sick all over the carpeter hat den ganzen Teppich vollgespuckt or vollgekotzt (sl); I think I’m going to be sickich glaube, ich muss kotzen (sl)or mich übergeben; I felt sickmir war schlecht or übel; to feel sick to one’s stomachsich im Magen schlecht fühlen; I get sick in aeroplanesim Flugzeug wird mir immer schlecht or übel; that smell/that food makes me sickbei dem Geruch/von dem Essen wird mir übel or schlecht; to make somebody sick (fig inf)jdn (ganz) krank machen (inf); it’s enough to make you sick (inf)das reicht, damit einem schlecht wird; it makes me sick to think that … (inf)mir wird schlecht, wenn ich daran denke, dass …; it makes you sick the way he’s always right (inf)es ist zum Weinen or zum Kotzen (sl), → dass er immer recht hat; to be sick at something (fig: = disgusted) → von etw angewidert sein; (= upset)wegen etw geknickt sein; to feel sick about something (fig)von etw angewidert sein; I am worried sick, I am sick with worrymir ist vor Sorge ganz schlecht; sick with envygrün vor Neid
(inf: = fed up) to be sick of something/somebodyetw/jdn satthaben; to be sick of doing somethinges satthaben, etw zu tun; I’m sick and tired of itich habe davon die Nase (gestrichen) voll (inf), → ich habe es gründlich satt; to be sick and tired of doing somethinges leid sein, etw zu tun; I’m sick of the sight of herich habe ihren Anblick satt; I get sick of listening to her complainingich habe es langsam satt, immer ihr Gejammer hören zu müssen
(inf)geschmacklos; jokemakaber, geschmacklos; personabartig, pervers; sick humourschwarzer Humor; he has a sick minder ist abartig; a comedy about life in Dachau, how sick can you get!eine Komödie über das Leben in Dachau, das ist ja schon pervers!


nSpucktüte f
nKrankenrevier nt
nKrankenlager nt
sick building syndrome
n gesundheitliche Probleme aufgrund eines schlechten Raumklimas


n (US Ind) geschlossene Krankmeldung der Mitarbeiter einer Firma
sick pay
nGehalts- or (for workers) → Lohnfortzahlung fim Krankheitsfall
nKrankenzimmer nt
sick ward
n (of prison etc)Krankenabteilung for -station f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


1. adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl)))
a. (ill) → malato/a, ammalato/a
a sick person → un(a) malato/a
to fall or take sick → ammalarsi
to be (off) sick (from work) → essere assente (per malattia)
to go sick → mettersi in malattia
to be sick (vomiting) → vomitare, rimettere
to feel sick → avere la nausea
b. (fig) (mind, imagination) → malato/a; (humour) → macabro/a; (joke) → di gusto macabro
to be sick (and tired) of sb/sth → averne fin sopra i capelli di qn/qc
to be sick to death of sb/sth → essere stufo/a marcio/a di qn/qc
sick at heart → desolato/a
to be sick of the sight of sb/sth → non poterne più di qn/qc
you make me sick! → mi fai schifo!
2. n
a. (fam) (vomit) → vomito
b. the sick npli malati
sick up vt + adv (fam) → vomitare, rimettere
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(sik) adjective
1. vomiting or inclined to vomit. He has been sick several times today; I feel sick; She's inclined to be seasick/airsick/car-sick.
2. (especially American) ill. He is a sick man; The doctor told me that my husband is very sick and may not live very long.
3. very tired (of); wishing to have no more (of). I'm sick of doing this; I'm sick and tired of hearing about it!
4. affected by strong, unhappy or unpleasant feelings. I was really sick at making that bad mistake.
5. in bad taste. a sick joke.
vomit. The bedclothes were covered with sick.
ˈsicken verb
1. to become sick.
2. to disgust. The very thought sickens me.
ˈsickening adjective
causing sickness, disgust or weariness; very unpleasant or annoying. There was a sickening crunch; The weather is really sickening!
ˈsickeningly adverb
ˈsickly adjective
1. tending to be often ill. a sickly child.
2. suggesting sickness; pale; feeble. She looks sickly.
ˈsickness noun
the state of being sick or ill. There seems to be a lot of sickness in the town; seasickness.
ˈsick-leave noun
time taken off from work etc because of sickness. He has been on sick-leave for the last three days.
make (someone) sick
to make (someone) feel very annoyed, upset etc. It makes me sick to see him waste money like that.
the sick
ill people. He visits the sick.
worried sick
very worried. I'm worried sick about it.
see also ill.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


عَلِيل nevolno syg krank άρρωστος enfermo pahoinvoiva malade bolestan malato 吐き気がする 병든 ziek kvalm chory doente чувствующий недомогание sjuk ป่วย hasta buồn nôn 病的
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


n., a. enfermo-a;
___ leavelicencia por enfermedad.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


adj enfermo; — person enfermo -ma mf; to get — enfermarse
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"Oh, Beth, if you should be sick I never could forgive myself!
The instance taken from the arts seems fallacious: wherein it is said to be wrong for a sick person to apply for a remedy to books, but that it would be far more eligible to employ those who are skilful in physic; for these do nothing contrary to reason from motives of friendship but earn their money by curing the sick, whereas those who have the management of public affairs do many things through hatred or favour.
A new will teach I unto men: to choose that path which man hath followed blindly, and to approve of it--and no longer to slink aside from it, like the sick and perishing!
Conspicu- ous, both for location and personal outfit, stood Marinel, a hermit of the quack-doctor species, to introduce the sick. All abroad over the spacious floor, and clear down to the doors, in a thick jumble, lay or sat the scrofulous, under a strong light.
Meanwhile, if ye want fresh water, or victual, or help for your sick, or that your ship needeth repair, write down your wants, and ye shall have that which belongeth to mercy.'
It's always do you love me, do you love me, till I just get about sick of it."
Later, and when he grew older and married a young wife, the doctor often talked to her of the hours spent with the sick woman and expressed a good many things he had been un- able to express to Elizabeth.
Thus I found him, very sick and groaning upon the ground.
Some of the girls I've had out--well, take it from me, they made me sick. Oh, I'm hep to 'em.
He now approached the sick man with the noiseless step of one in full vigor of life, with his delicate white fingers raised from the green quilt the hand that was free, and turning sideways felt the pulse and reflected a moment.
Snow was poor, sick, and a member of her church--it was the duty of all the church members to look out for her, of course.
He was very sick, this white man, as sick as the black men who lay helpless about him, and whom he attended.