silicon


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sil·i·con

 (sĭl′ĭ-kən, -kŏn′)
n. Symbol Si
A nonmetallic element occurring extensively in the earth's crust in silica and silicates, having both a brown amorphous and a gray lustrous crystalline allotrope, and used doped or in combination with other materials in glass, semiconducting devices, concrete, brick, refractories, pottery, and silicones. Atomic number 14; atomic weight 28.086; melting point 1,414°C; boiling point 3,265°C; specific gravity 2.33 (25°C); valence 2, 4. See Periodic Table.

[From silica.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

silicon

(ˈsɪlɪkən)
n
(Elements & Compounds)
a. a brittle metalloid element that exists in two allotropic forms; occurs principally in sand, quartz, granite, feldspar, and clay. It is usually a grey crystalline solid but is also found as a brown amorphous powder. It is used in transistors, rectifiers, solar cells, and alloys. Its compounds are widely used in glass manufacture, the building industry, and in the form of silicones. Symbol: Si; atomic no: 14; atomic wt: 28.0855; valency: 4; relative density: 2.33; melting pt: 1414°C; boiling pt: 3267°C
b. (modifier; sometimes capital) denoting an area of a country that contains a density of high-technology industry
[C19: from silica, on the model of boron, carbon]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

sil•i•con

(ˈsɪl ɪ kən, -ˌkɒn)

n.
a nonmetallic element, having amorphous and crystalline forms, occurring in a combined state in minerals and rocks and constituting more than one fourth of the earth's crust: used in steelmaking, alloys, etc. Symbol: Si; at. wt.: 28.086; at. no.: 14; sp. gr.: 2.4 at 20°C.
[1817; silic (a) + -on, as in carbon and boron]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

sil·i·con

(sĭl′ĭ-kŏn′)
Symbol Si A nonmetallic element that occurs in both gray crystalline and brown noncrystalline forms. It is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust and can be found only in silica and silicates. Silicon is used in glass, semiconductors, concrete, and ceramics. Atomic number 14. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.silicon - a tetravalent nonmetallic elementsilicon - a tetravalent nonmetallic element; next to oxygen it is the most abundant element in the earth's crust; occurs in clay and feldspar and granite and quartz and sand; used as a semiconductor in transistors
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
quartz - a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities
clay - a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired
semiconducting material, semiconductor - a substance as germanium or silicon whose electrical conductivity is intermediate between that of a metal and an insulator; its conductivity increases with temperature and in the presence of impurities
feldspar, felspar - any of a group of hard crystalline minerals that consist of aluminum silicates of potassium or sodium or calcium or barium
granite - plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture; generally composed of feldspar and mica and quartz
sand - a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral
silicone, silicone polymer - any of a large class of siloxanes that are unusually stable over a wide range of temperatures; used in lubricants and adhesives and coatings and synthetic rubber and electrical insulation
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
silikon
سليكون
силиций
silici
křemík
silicio
räni
سیلیسیم
pii
सिलिकॉन
silicij
szilícium
silikon
kísill
ケイ素
규소실리콘
silicium
silicis
silīcijs
സിലിക്കണ്‍
silisium
siliciu
kremík
silicij
силицијум
kisel
ซิลิคอน
silisyum
кремній
silic

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən]
A. Nsilicio m
B. CPD silicon carbide Ncarburo m de silicio
silicon chip Nchip m or plaqueta f de silicio
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən] nsilicium mSilicon Alley nSilicon Alley f (quartier où se concentrent de nombreuses entreprises informatiques)silicon chip npuce f de silicium
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

silicon

nSilizium nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən] nsilicio
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

sil·i·con

n. silicio, elemento no metálico encontrado en la tierra.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The report on world Silicon Gases market has given Associate in Nursing in-depth study in some new and outstanding business trends, competitive analysis, and detailed regional analysis for the review period of 2019-2023.
The report also inculcated detailed profiling of numerous distinguished vendors prevalent in the global Silicon Gases market.
The main raw material for producing silicone is silicon metal.
Silicon metal comes from quartz (quartz is a rock of mostly Si[O.sub.2], like sand).
Scientists and engineers review recent developments in silicon carbide device processing technology, this first volume focusing on the contacts between metal and silicon carbide.
(CSE:XMG) (FKT:1MG) (OTCQB:MGXMF), a diversified Canadian resource company, has started diamond drilling at its Koot silicon project north of Cranbrook, BC and proximate to the Company's Driftwood Creek magnesium project.
Preparations are also underway to start a drill program on the Wonah silicon project.
Methods: The silicon levels in skin samples were measured using an atomic absorbance spectrophotometer in 37 healthy normal females who had never received silicone injection and compared with those who had developed granuloma after silicone injection..
At the new frontiers of nanostructure silicon research, biomedical applications are very appealing because silicon is highly biocompatible [4].
The alloying process of lithium and silicon could generate various formations of Li-Si alloys as shown in Table 1.