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Any of a large group of oligomers and polymers based on the structural unit R2SiO, where R is an organic group, characterized by wide-range thermal stability, high lubricity, extreme water repellence, and physiological inertness and used in adhesives, lubricants, protective coatings, paints, electrical insulation, synthetic rubber, and prosthetic replacements for body parts.
(Elements & Compounds) chem
a. any of a large class of polymeric synthetic materials that usually have resistance to temperature, water, and chemicals, and good insulating and lubricating properties, making them suitable for wide use as oils, water-repellents, resins, etc. Chemically they have alternate silicon and oxygen atoms with the silicon atoms bound to organic groups
b. (as modifier): silicone rubber.See also siloxane
any of a number of polymers containing alternate silicon and oxygen atoms, whose properties are determined by the organic groups attached to the silicon atoms, and that are fluid, resinous, rubbery, extremely stable in high temperatures, and water-repellent: used as adhesives, lubricants, and hydraulic oils.
Any of a class of chemical compounds consisting of long chains of organic radicals that are each attached to silicon and oxygen atoms. Silicones are used to make adhesives, lubricants and synthetic rubber.
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|Noun||1.||silicone - any of a large class of siloxanes that are unusually stable over a wide range of temperatures; used in lubricants and adhesives and coatings and synthetic rubber and electrical insulation|
atomic number 14, Si, silicon - a tetravalent nonmetallic element; next to oxygen it is the most abundant element in the earth's crust; occurs in clay and feldspar and granite and quartz and sand; used as a semiconductor in transistors
bouncing putty - a soft elastic silicone polymer that increases in elasticity with the application of force; used in the center of golf balls and as shock-absorbent padding
polymer - a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
siloxane - any of a large class of compounds that have alternate silicon and oxygen atoms
silicone[ˈsɪlɪkəʊn] N → silicona f
silicone[ˈsɪlɪˌkəʊn] n → silicone m
n. silicón, silicona, compuesto orgánico que se usa en lubricantes, productos sintéticos, cirugía plástica y en prótesis.