For example, pesticides were detected in water from agricultural areas of South Africa; in vitro bioassays of water samples revealed high estradiol equivalent (EEq) values in combination with the presence of atrazine, simazine
, and terbuthylazine (Dabrowski 2015).
The Lodi Winegrape Commission's grower outreach and education program encouraged growers to use less of the higher risk pre-emergent herbicides such as Simazine
, Diuron, Solicam and Surflan in favor of contact herbicides, particularly formulations of glyhphosate (e.
There are some chemicals, atrazine, simazine
, chlorprophame, and propyzamide, that control dodder, but at present, the possibility of a chemical control is limited, and only some herbicides, such as imazethaphyr and imazamox, are recommended (MFAL, 2009).
2011c) affect the ability of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) to mount an immune response; how herbicides, including atrazine, simazine
, diuron, and isoproturon, suppress immune function in goldfish (Carassius auratus) (Fatima et al.
All together 23 pesticides (among them endosulfan, chlorfenvinphos, alachlor, atrazine, isoproturon, chlorpyriphos, trifluralin, simazine
, glyphosate, AMPA and MCPP and some chlorinated pesticides such as aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, isodrin, hexachlorocyclo-hexanes, etc.
Weed populations in olive groves under non-tillage and conditions of rapid degradation of simazine
Determination of atrazine and simazine
in environmental water samples using multiwalled carbon nanotubes as the adsorbents for preconcentration prior to high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector, Talanta, 68, 1309 (2006).
We selected the following herbicides to evaluate the BCF: acetochlor, ametryn, clomazone, diuron, hexazinone, metribuzin, picloram, simazine
, sulfentrazone and tebuthiuron.
2012) also illustrated decline in calcium level in common carp which is exposed to simazine
and decrease in calcium cause hypocalcemia in fish.
Glutathione and malondialdehyde levels in common carp after exposure to simazine
Among the herbicides that would control castor bean infestations in the successions crop are those used for pre-emergence: atrazine singly or in a mixture with simazine
or metolachlor (CARDOSO et al.
In addition, Australia and New Zealand report that further information to certain pesticides may be obtained on protocols developed by Canada, which used data mainly from animal toxicology studies and provide a table containing the maximum values allowed in this country to the animals drinking water for aldicarb, bromoxynil, carbofuran, cyanazine, chlorothalonil, dicamba, diclofop-methyl, dimethoate, dinoseb, glyphosate, simazine
, tebuthiuron, triallate and trifluralin (ANZECC, 2000).