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|Noun||1.||simple sugar - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates|
triose - any monosaccharide sugar containing three atoms of carbon per molecule
tetrose - any monosaccharide sugar containing four atoms of carbon per molecule
pentose - any monosaccharide sugar containing five atoms of carbon per molecule
hexose - a monosaccharide that contains six carbon atoms per molecule
aldose - a monosaccharide sugar that contains the aldehyde group or is hemiacetal
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
ketose - any monosaccharide sugar that contains a ketone group or its hemiacetal
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