sirvente


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sir·vente

 (sîr-väNt′, sər-vĕnt′) also sir·ven·tes (sər-vĕn′tĭs, -vĕnts′)
n. pl. sir·ventes (-väNt′, -vĕnts′) also sir·vent·es (-vĕn′təs)
A form of lyric verse of the Provençal troubadours satirizing political figures, personal rivals, or social morals.

[French, from Provençal sirventes, from Old Provençal, from sirvent, servant (the position of a lover towards his mistress), from Latin serviēns, servient-, present participle of servīre, to serve, from servus, servant.]

sirvente

(səˈvɛnt)
n
(Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a verse form employed by the troubadours of Provence to satirize moral or political themes
[C19: via French from Provençal sirventes song of a servant (that is, of a lover serving his mistress), from sirvent a servant, from Latin servīre to serve]

sir•vente

(sɪərˈvɑnt)

also sir•ven•tes

(-ˈvɛn tɪs)

n., pl. -ventes (-ˈvɑnt, -ˈvɑnts) also -ven•tes (-ˈvɛn tɪs)
a medieval poem or song of heroic or satirical character, as composed by a troubadour.
[1810–20; < Occitan sirventes literally, pertaining to a servant, i.e., lover]
References in classic literature ?
The knight in the meantime, had brought the strings into some order, and after a short prelude, asked his host whether he would choose a sirvente in the language of oc, or a lai in the language of oui, or a virelai, or a ballad in the vulgar English.
I remember well that, at the siege of Retters, there was a little, sleek, fat clerk of the name of Chaucer, who was so apt at rondel, sirvente, or tonson, that no man dare give back a foot from the walls, lest he find it all set down in his rhymes and sung by every underling and varlet in the camp.
Many of the poems, though, work so hard to sound modern that this lucidity gets lost, as in "I Grew Hoarse": "Go, sirventes, to the White House, / to the UN," writes Keelan, "and exhume our bodies, / history of women, real and image, / while our husbands cowered in the shadows
Finally from a formal perspective, in the troubadour corpus Bertran was known as the inventor of the sirventes, in which he set new lyrics of a different theme (satirical rather than love) to preestablished metrical forms and melodies.
I did not include Gormonda de Montpellier's sirventes, a pro-Catholic response to troubadour Guilhem Figueira's sirventes attacking the church, partly because it was too long, but mostly because her political affiliations differed so in kind and tone from the other poems translated here.
Con respecto a este ultimo pormenor, conviene no olvidar que tal opcion aparecia contemplada por el sirventes occitano, el cual, segun la Doctrina de compondre dictatz, debia tratar << de lausor de senyor o de maldit >>, asi como debia hablar << de senyors o de vassalls, blasman o castigan o lauzan >> (Marshall 1972, 95 y 97).
The terza rima form that he used may have derived from the sirventes genre of Occitan poetry used by the troubadours, notably Bertran de Born, the favourite of Ezra Pound.
Sirventes were frequently based upon the rime or metrical structure or melody of a pre-existing song, generally a canso (a love song); they are but one indicator of a broader and even older troubadour practice that Torn Gruber has dubbed a "dialectics," in which a troubadour may take up with subtle alterations a sequence of keywords, a rime pattern, or a metrical scheme used by another, in order either to link his song to the preexistent one, or to revise its themes.
Con Un sirventes novel, no 3, del citado trovador provenzal Peire Cardenal (c.
Mas se o dialogo de Dante com a poesia provencal constitui o imediato elo de ligacao unindo "Comedia" ao texto sucessivo, "Corn: dall'anatomia alla poetica" ["Corn: da anatomia a poetica"], no qual Agamben rele alegoricamente o debate diacronico em torno daquela controversa palavra eponima (corn) usada pelo trovador Arnaut Daniel--que, diferentemente da sua interpretacao literal, se torna, antes, o equivalente semantico de rima nao encadeada (convertendo, dessa forma, o suposto tema obsceno do sirventes num problema metrico)--, e sobretudo esse curto-circuito vertiginoso entre filologia e filosofia que marca uma das principais linhas de continuidade ao longo dos textos.
Esta poesia caballeresca adquiria con frecuencia la forma de sirventes o serventesio, que era una especie de oda no amatoria, de interes comun, moral o politico ".
As for cansos and lais, descorts and vers, sirventes and other forms of song, he knew more than any minstrel.