skeletal muscle


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to skeletal muscle: smooth muscle, cardiac muscle

skeletal muscle

n.
A usually voluntary muscle that is made up of elongated, multinucleate, transversely striated muscle fibers and is typically attached to a bone.

vol′untary mus′cle


n.
any muscle moved at will and composed of bundles of striated fibers.
[1780–90]

skeletal muscle

Muscle attached to bones and under voluntary control. See striated muscle.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.skeletal muscle - a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeletonskeletal muscle - a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton; a muscle that is characterized by transverse stripes
muscle, musculus - one of the contractile organs of the body
head - that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves
voluntary muscle - striated muscle that can be controlled voluntarily
abductor muscle, abductor - a muscle that draws a body part away from the median line
adductor, adductor muscle - a muscle that draws a body part toward the median line
anconeous muscle, musculus anconeus - the muscle that extends the forearm and abducts the ulna in pronation of the wrist
articular muscle - a muscle that inserts directly onto the capsule of a joint
extensor, extensor muscle - a skeletal muscle whose contraction extends or stretches a body part
flexor, flexor muscle - a skeletal muscle whose contraction bends a joint
striated muscle cell, striated muscle fiber - an elongated contractile cell in striated muscle tissue
deltoid, deltoid muscle, musculus deltoideus - a large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint and serving to abduct and flex and extend and rotate the arm
serratus, serratus muscles - any of several muscles of the trunk
musculus pectoralis, pecs, pectoral, pectoral muscle, pectoralis - either of two large muscles of the chest
intercostal, intercostal muscle, musculus intercostalis - muscles between the ribs; they contract during inspiration
depressor, depressor muscle - any skeletal muscle that draws a body part down
abdominal, abdominal muscle, ab - the muscles of the abdomen
lat, latissimus dorsi - a broad flat muscle on either side of the back
glute, gluteal muscle, gluteus, gluteus muscle - any one of three large skeletal muscles that form the buttock and move the thigh
musculus sphincter ani externus - an external ring of striated muscle surrounding the anus
calf, sura - the muscular back part of the shank
gastrocnemius, gastrocnemius muscle - the muscle in the back part of the leg that forms the greater part of the calf; responsible for the plantar flexion of the foot
psoas - either of two muscles of the abdomen and pelvis that flex the trunk and rotate the thigh
rhomboid muscle, rhomboid - any of several muscles of the upper back that help move the shoulder blade
soleus, soleus muscle - a broad flat muscle in the calf of the leg under the gastrocnemius muscle
splenius, splenius muscle - either of two flat muscles that extend from the upper vertebrae to the base of the skull and serve to rotate or flex or extend the head and neck
peroneus - muscle of the lower leg that is involved in moving the foot
pterygoid muscle - muscle descending from the sphenoid bone to the lower jaw
biceps - any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)
triceps - any skeletal muscle having three origins (but especially the triceps brachii)
axial muscle - a skeletal muscle of the trunk or head
musculus sartorius, sartorius, sartorius muscle - a muscle in the thigh that helps to rotate the leg into the sitting position assumed by a tailor; the longest muscle in the human body
musculus scalenus, scalene muscle, scalenus - any of four pairs of muscles extending from the cervical vertebrae to the second rib; involved in moving the neck and in breathing
musculus sternocleidomastoideus, sternocleido mastoideus, sternocleidomastoid, sternocleidomastoid muscle - one of two thick muscles running from the sternum and clavicle to the mastoid and occipital bone; turns head obliquely to the opposite side; when acting together they flex the neck and extend the head
teres, teres muscle - either of two muscles in the shoulder region that move the shoulders and arms
musculus tibialis, tibialis, tibialis muscle - either of two skeletal muscle in each leg arising from the tibia; provides for movement of the foot
cowl muscle, musculus trapezius, trapezius, trapezius muscle - either of two flat triangular muscles of the shoulder and upper back that are involved in moving the shoulders and arms
facial muscle - any of the skeletal muscles of the face
musculus temporalis, temporal muscle, temporalis, temporalis muscle - muscle extending from the temporal fossa to the coronoid process of the mandible; acts to raise the mandible and close the jaws
References in classic literature ?
cit.): "Fear and joy may both cause cardiac palpitation, but in one case we find high tonus of the skeletal muscles, in the other case relaxation and the general sense of weakness."
Caption: Figure 5: Proregenerative effects of therapy with MSC_IGF-1 in the skeletal muscle. Representative images of skeletal muscle sections stained with H&E, obtained from naive (a) or infected mice treated with saline (b), MSCs (c), or MSC_IGF-1 (d), showing destruction of myofibers and substitution for fibrosis and adipose tissue in infected mice, when compared to naive mice, and recovery in MSC_IGF-1-treated mice (d).
Skeletal muscle metastases are very uncommon with varying reported incidence rates from 0.8 to 1.6% derived from autopsy series [1, 2].
The mammalian skeletal muscle consist slow Type I and fast Type II (IIa, IIx, and IIb) muscle fibers.
In the skeletal muscle, IRS-1 occupies an essential role in glucose uptake.
We found that the sperm-specific lactate dehydrogenase (LDH-C4) gene Ldh-c is expressed in plateau pika skeletal muscles. In order to shed light on the effect of LDH-C4 on the anaerobic glycolysis in plateau pika skeletal muscle, 20 pikas were randomly divided into two groups the inhibitor group (experimental) and the control group, reach of 10 pikas.
Within the skeletal muscle tissue, adenosine potentially plays important roles in a large number of physiological processes (such as glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity).
Environmentally induced upregulation of Pgc-1[alpha] plays a major role in determining skeletal muscle mitochondrial adaptations that are important in attenuating obesity and insulin resistance [1, 4-11].
Keywords: Exercise, Physical inactivity, Muscle, Skeletal muscle, Myokines.
Cytokinetics, Incorporated announced the publication of data in The Journal of Physiology demonstrating that a fast skeletal muscle troponin activator can decrease skeletal muscle fatigue by increasing the metabolic efficiency of muscle contraction.