skin test

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skin test

n.
A test for detecting an allergy or infectious disease, performed by means of a patch test, scratch test, or intracutaneous injection of an allergen or extract of the disease-causing organism.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

skin test

n
(Medicine) med any test to determine immunity to a disease or hypersensitivity by introducing a small amount of the test substance beneath the skin or rubbing it into a fresh scratch. See scratch test
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

skin′ test`


n.
a medical test in which a substance is introduced into the skin, as for the detection of an antibody reaction to an infectious disease.
[1925–30]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.skin test - any test to determine immunity or sensitivity to a disease by introducing small amounts on or into the skin
diagnostic assay, diagnostic test - an assay conducted for diagnostic purposes
patch test - a test to determine allergic sensitivity by applying small pads soaked with allergen to the unbroken skin
Schick test - a skin test for immunity to diphtheria
scratch test - a test to determine allergic sensitivity to various substances by applying them to scratches in the skin
tuberculin skin test, tuberculin test - a skin test to determine past or present infection with the tuberculosis bacterium; based on hypersensitivity of the skin to tuberculin
intradermal test, subcutaneous test - a form of skin test in which the suspected allergen is injected into the skin
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

skin test

nprova di reazione cutanea
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
Figure 1 summarizes the above-described findings with a decrease of clinical symptoms after 2 years in combination with a positive correlation between data of year 0 and year 2 (represented by nasal symptoms in Figure 1(a)), comparable skin-test values for year 0 and year 2, with a positive correlation between the two years (early skin test is presented in Figure 1(b)), no significant change in proinflammatory reactions (in Figure 1(c) represented as spec IgE) with a high correlation between measurements during the two years, and an increase of [CD4.sup.+] [CD25.sup.hi] Treg cells without a correlation between the two years of measurement (Figure 1(d)).
In 50 healthy Peruvian shantytown residents, zinc cream applied to tuberculosis skin-test sites caused a 32% increase in induration compared with placebo cream.
Moreover, blood testing can be performed in patients with contraindications to skin testing, such as a chronic skin condition, poorly controlled asthma, or increased risk of anaphylaxis to the skin-test allergen.
Anergy skin testing assesses the responses to skin-test antigens to which a cell-mediated, delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response is expected.
Bloom confirms in the June 16 New England Journal of Medicine that MDR TB spreads more easily "The premise of the whole [TB] policy -- which I agreed with up till now -- is that if someone does become skin-test positive, you can then treat it with one drug.
Dilutions of the standardized skin-test extract were prepared in a 1/20 weight per volume (w/v) ragweed concentrate in phenolated saline.
His chest x-ray showed an abnormality, and his tuberculin skin-test result was positive at the time of diagnosis.
Although dust mite was the most common sensitivity, cockroach was the only one that correlated with previous reports of wheezing: 64% with wheezing episodes were skin-test positive to cockroach allergen, compared with 36% of children without wheezing.
Ward employees who worked while this patient was hospitalized had an increased risk for skin-test conversion (43% [12 of 28] vs 0% [0 of 9]; relative risk undefined; P=.02).
Of those with skin-test readings, 996 (69.9%) showed a significant ([is greater than or equal to] 10 mm induration) reaction to a two-step Mantoux skin test.
Patients with symptoms that suggested active TB (regardless of tuberculin skin-test results) and those with a previous or current positive skin test were sent to the Denver Metro TB Clinic for further evaluation and chest radiograph.
In this report, the prevalence of skin-test positivity was higher among HIV-seronegative persons, suggesting that HIV-induced anergy might be obscuring the true prevalence of tuberculin positivity among those clients tested--especially among IDUs in the northeastern United States, among whom HIV-seroprevalence levels of up to 49% have been reported in DTCs (6).