Henderson actively promoted his educational ideas in 1897 by giving public lectures on organic education at the Boston Sloyd
A total of 7 1st class adjunct teachers taught chants, 2 taught chants and gymnastics, 1 taught only gymnastics, 5 taught sloyd
, 2 taught sloyd
and molding, 1 taught molding, 1 taught work with flowers, 3 taught drawing and manual work, 1 taught only drawing, 1 taught manual work and physical culture, and 1 taught a class for free.
Unlike the Sloyd
method and manual training of Calvin Woodward in St.
Also in 1914, teachers Bertha Bird and Ellen Tolman began instructing students at the Centre Grammar School in sewing and "sloyd
, anticipating what will doubtless be required by law within a few years at most.'' Sloyd
was a woodworking and tool-using educational system begun in Finland in 1865 and later adopted by schools in the United States.
The impact and legacy of educational sloyd
; head and hands in harness.
Again, the commissioners chose Aberdeen School to house what became known as "Sloyd
," which drew boys from five neighbouring Protestant schools for regular classes.
Indeed, Adams' figuration of the young man's education as a kind of artisanship predicated on instructive models and the limited role of the teacher identifies the principles of a Swedish system of manual training called sloyd
. Very popular in the United States in the decades surrounding The Education of Henry Adams, the sloyd
curriculum asked students to work on conventional models (a letter opener or soup ladle or ax handle) that could be carved with a knife.
The first, the practical educators, the group into which Jackson is best placed, promoted manual training, sloyd
, science, drawing, nature study and physical education.
Certainly there are "skills and drills" versions of vocational education: the method of sloyd
, for example, used by the manual training movement, took students through a graduated series of woodworking exercises.
Eva Hartell of Haninge, Sweden writes about safety in Design and Technology Education (teknik) and Crafts (Sloyd
), mandatory courses for Swedish students ages 7 to 16.