Sorokin distinguished between the following seven schools of thought in then contemporary sociological theory: The Mechanistic School; Geographical School; Bio-Organismic School; Anthropo-Racial, Selectionist, and Hereditarist School; Demographic School: Sociologistic
School; Psychological School; and a separate realm which he labelled "Psycho-Sociologistic Theories of Religion, Mores, Law, Public Opinion, Arts, and Other Cultural Phenomena as Factors"--to which Max Weber's sociology of religion belonged in Sorokin's view, together with William Graham Sumner's doctrine featuring the social role of folkways, mores, and customs.
A common thread linking Hitler's Willing Executioners with A Moral Reckoning is Goldhagen's insistence on individual agency, moral accountability, and a repudiation of such metaphysical and sociologistic
concepts as "collective guilt" and "national character." Having made the salto mortale from state to church, Goldhagen finds this same "cognitive eliminationist anti-Semitism" at work in European Catholicism and demonstrates how, in many instances, the Catholic hierarchy from bishops down to ordinary parish priests in Nazi Germany and its satellites was deeply involved in persecuting and ultimately killing Jews.
Despite Philip Jenkins' sociologistic
findings that the incidence of clergy sex abuse of children is just as high, if not higher, among married Protestant clergy, the repeated highlighting of Catholic instances and the total lack of interest in non-Catholic cases contributes to the prejudice and lends the false impression that the requirement of celibacy is the principal cause of this disorder.
68-70, on sociologistic
reductionism, and on "gendered habitue," see pp.