sodium

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so·di·um

 (sō′dē-əm)
n. Symbol Na
A soft, light, extremely malleable silver-white element that is an alkali metal, reacts violently with water, is naturally abundant in combined forms, especially in common salt, and is used in the production of a wide variety of industrially important compounds. Sodium ions are essential to numerous biological processes in animals. Atomic number 11; atomic weight 22.9898; melting point 97.80°C; boiling point 883°C; specific gravity 0.971 (20°C); valence 1. See Periodic Table.

sodium

(ˈsəʊdɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds)
a. a very reactive soft silvery-white element of the alkali metal group occurring principally in common salt, Chile saltpetre, and cryolite. Sodium and potassium ions maintain the essential electrolytic balance in living cells. It is used in the production of chemicals, in metallurgy, and, alloyed with potassium, as a cooling medium in nuclear reactors. Symbol: Na; atomic no: 11; atomic wt: 22.989768; valency: 1; relative density: 0.971; melting pt: 97.81±0.03°C; boiling pt: 892.9°C
b. (as modifier): sodium light.
[C19: New Latin, from soda + -ium]

so•di•um

(ˈsoʊ di əm)

n.
1. a soft, silver-white, chemically active metallic element that occurs naturally only in combination: a necessary element in the body for the maintenance of normal fluid balance and other physiological functions. Symbol: Na; at. wt.: 22.9898; at. no.: 11; sp. gr.: 0.97 at 20°C.
2. any salt of sodium, as sodium chloride or sodium bicarbonate.
[1807; sod (a) + -ium2]

so·di·um

(sō′dē-əm)
Symbol Na A soft, lightweight, silvery-white metallic element that reacts explosively with water. It is the most abundant alkali metal on Earth, occurring especially in common salt. Sodium is very easily shaped, and its compounds have many important uses in industry. Atomic number 11. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sodium - a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal groupsodium - a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
halite, rock salt - naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
brine, saltwater, seawater - water containing salts; "the water in the ocean is all saltwater"
Translations
natrium
صوديومكلوريد الصوديوم، مِلْح الطَّعام
натрий
sodi
sodík
natrium
natrio
naatrium
سدیم
natrium
सोडियम
natrij
nátrium
natrium
natrínnatríum, natrín
ナトリウム
natrium
natris
nātrijs
സോഡിയം
natriusodiu
sodík
natrij
natrijumнатријум
natrium
natiri
โซเดียม
sodyum
натрiй
natri

sodium

[ˈsəʊdɪəm]
A. Nsodio m
B. CPD sodium bicarbonate Nbicarbonato m sódico
sodium carbonate Ncarbonato m sódico
sodium chloride Ncloruro m sódico, cloruro m de sodio
sodium lamp Nlámpara f de vapor de sodio
sodium nitrate Nnitrato m sódico
sodium sulphate Nsulfato m sódico

sodium

[ˈsəʊdiəm] nsodium msodium chloride nchlorure m de sodium

sodium

nNatrium nt

sodium

:
sodium bicarbonate
nNatron nt, → doppeltkohlensaures Natrium
sodium carbonate
nNatriumkarbonat nt, → Soda nt
sodium chloride
nNatriumchlorid nt, → Kochsalz nt
sodium glutamate
nNatriumglutamat nt
sodium hydroxide
nNatriumhydroxid nt, → Ätznatron nt
sodium nitrate
nNatriumnitrat nt

sodium

[ˈsəʊdɪəm] nsodio

sodium

(ˈsədiəm) noun
an element from which many substances are formed, including common salt (sodium chloride).
sodium bicarbonate/carbonatesoda

sodium

n sodio; — benzoate benzoato sódico or de sodio; — bicarbonate bicarbonato sódico or de sodio; — chloride cloruro sódico or de sodio; — fluoride fluoruro sódico or de sodio; — hydroxide hidróxido sódico or de sodio; — lauryl sulfate lauril sulfato de sodio; — stibogluconate estibogluconato de sodio
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for 33600000-6 Pharmaceutical products (Aminocaproic acid, Metamizole sodium, Meldonium, Glucose, Decamethoxine, Pentoxifylline, Levofloxacin, Hydrochloric acid, Levofloxacin, Citicoline) , Metronidazole, Mannitol, Aqua pro injectioni, Theophylline, Sodium bicarbonate, Ofloxacin, Electrolytes correction solutions, Sorbitol in combination with sodium lactate and / or electrolytes (Electrolytes in combination with other drugs), Solutions for correction e Sodium bicarbonate, Electrolyte Correction Solutions, Arginine Hydrochloride, Fluconazole, Fluconazole,
After the Commission's notice to the concerned government authorities, inquiries were made and it was found that the victim patients were given Compound Sodium Lactate IP 500 ml after the surgery.
Then they examined the antimicrobial efficacy of fermented spice, sodium lactate and lauric arginate against a recontamination of the products with Lactobacillus curvatus and Listeria innocua at 6 C.
Accordingly matter was placed before the Drug Pricing Committee (DPC) under the Chair of Secretary, Cabinet Division and IV manufacturers (including Otsuka) appeared before the DPC and explained that due to steep increase in cost of inputs, expenses of IV drugs viz, Polyethylene, Dextrose, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Lactate, activated carbon, cartons, electricity, gas, diesel, freight, minimum wages etc, it had become unviable to produce and market these drugs at previous prices.
Sodium lactate causes to more reduction of anaerobic spore former bacteria than nitrite, inhibits botulin produced by Clostridium botulinum.
vannamei, which included sodium formate, sodium acetate, sodium lactate, sodium propionate, sodium butyrate, sodium fumarate, sodium succinate, or sodium citrate, there was significantly improved growth for those fed with the sodium propionate-, sodium butyrate-, sodium fumarate-, and sodium succinate-treated diets (Silva et al.
Judging from the results that have been recently demonstrated in healthy calves, regarding the comparative effects of solutions containing different sodium lactate concentrations (JUNQUEIRA et al.
Ringer's sodium pyruvate solution, which replaces sodium lactate with 28 mM sodium pyruvate, combines their advantages and have cytoprotective effects.
In the 1930s, an American doctor, Alexis Hartmann, added sodium lactate to Ringer's solution to act as a buffer for the treatment of metabolic acidosis.
During the evaluation of data associated with these bioremediation activities, elevated levels of impurities (metals, alcohols, and ketones) were discovered in undiluted sodium lactate (Chiang, Carter, & Woodward, 2008) at concentrations that raise the issue of a potential health concern.
Effects of sodium lactate and tri-sodium phosphate on the physicochemical properties and shelf-life of low-fat Chinese-style sausage.