"This material is primitive material -- it's the very first material of the solar nebula
," or the cloud of interstellar dust and gas that formed the planets of our system, said Jaumann.
The results imply that to absorb these vital compounds, a planet must reach a certain size -- the size of Mars or a little larger -- before the solar nebula
The new study challenges widely-accepted ideas about hydrogen in Earth's water by suggesting the element partially came from clouds of dust and gas remaining after the Sun's formation, called the solar nebula
A study of ancient meteorites has refined the date for the dissolution of the solar nebula
, the cloud of dust and gas from which the planets formed.
By re-creating conditions in the solar nebula
, the swirl of gas that coalesced to form our star, the planets and the remnant rocky debris that circles the Sun as asteroids, the researchers demonstrated that a simple chemical reaction, governed by known physical principles, can generate silicate dust with oxygen anomalies that match those found in the oldest rocks in the solar system.
"The heavens and the earth were joined together, then We clove them asunder." (Qur'an, 21:30) The scientists confirmed that the sun and earth were part of solar nebula
, it also contained galaxies and other stars.
In the solar wind implantation model, SLRs are produced in the solar nebula
-4.6 Gyr ago by the bombardment of target material in the solar atmosphere by solar energetic particles.
They cover the elements in the Solar System, meteorites, the solar nebula
, the bodies in the inner Solar System, terrestrial atmospheric chemistry, the greenhouse effect and biogeochemical cycles on Earth, and the outer Solar System.
In the new work, reported online March 29 in Science, researchers simulated the young solar nebula
, a swirling disk of gas and dust that surrounded the sun until planets began forming, about 4.5 billion years ago.
* Determining how much water may be in Jupiter's atmosphere, a key factor in theories about how the solar system first formed and the distribution of elements in the solar nebula
Comets condensed out of the contracting solar nebula
at the formation of the solar system, in the distant Edgeworth-Kuiper belt and Oort Cloud.