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1. Existing, living, or going without others; alone: a solitary traveler. See Synonyms at alone.
2. Happening, done, or made alone: a solitary evening; solitary pursuits such as reading and sewing.
3. Remote from civilization; secluded: a solitary retreat.
4. Zoology Living alone or in pairs only: solitary wasps; solitary sparrows.
5. Single and set apart from others: a solitary instance of cowardice.
n. pl. sol·i·tar·ies
1. A person who lives alone; a recluse.
2. Solitary confinement.

[Middle English, from Old French solitaire, from Latin sōlitārius, from sōlitās, solitude, from sōlus, alone; see s(w)e- in Indo-European roots.]

sol′i·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
sol′i·tar′i·ness n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.solitarily - in solitude; "a hermit chooses to live solitarily"


Without the presence or aid of another:
Idioms: all by one's lonesome, by oneself.
References in classic literature ?
She came solitarily down the gravel walka Miss Martin just appearing at the door, and parting with her seemingly with ceremonious civility.
We say the gravel he trod under his feet, for D'Artagnan made these reflections while walking solitarily along a pretty little road which led from the camp to the village of Angoutin.
The good MacW- would not even come out to his meals, and fed solitarily in his holy of holies from a tray covered with a white napkin.
Therefore, on the day when this plan slowly and solitarily ripened, shall break forth, it will break forthwith all the conditions of success which always accompany an unforeseen event.
d'Artagnan, to forcing him to travel two hundred leagues solitarily to reach home at La Fere; will you not, Raoul?
The freshness of the day, the singing of the birds, the beauty of the waving grass, the deep green leaves, the wild flowers, and the thousand exquisite scents and sounds that floated in the air-- deep joys to most of us, but most of all to those whose life is in a crowd or who live solitarily in great cities as in the bucket of a human well--sunk into their breasts and made them very glad.
Japanese Bam Swallows breed solitarily (<1% breed in colonies; Ministry of the Environment 1997, see also Hasegawa et al.
As in Missouri, North Carolina Deer Farmers are lobbying to shift their regulation oversight from the Wildlife Resource Commission (WRC) solitarily to the North Carolina Department of Agricultural and Consumer Services (NCDACS).
Under the measure, developers can engage in a joint-venture project with another private developer, both whom shall be solitarily liable in the production of the socialized housing in compliance with the balanced housing requirement, regardless of the provisions of their joint-venture agreement.
5) Splenogonadal fusion can either be continuous, in which the direct anatomical connection between the spleen and the gonad persists, or discontinuous, in which there is no direct connection between the two organs, and the splenic tissue is solitarily attached to the gonad.
In the novel Windflower (1970), a Protestant man of aboriginal descent resists the beckoning of church bells in Fort Chimo, choosing to read his Bible solitarily instead, a portrait in miniature of two distinct theologies.