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A soil rich in soluble salt, often having a salt crust and mineral deposits to a depth of one foot, formed in areas of high evaporation, especially where the water table is close to the surface.

[Russian solončak, from solonets, salty soil, salty lake; akin to Old Church Slavonic slanŭ, salty; see sal- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Physical Geography) a type of intrazonal soil of arid regions with a greyish surface crust: contains large quantities of soluble salts
[Russian, literally: salt marsh]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
This author revealed high similarity between Gypsisols and Solonchak and concluded that the soil studied could be considered as an intermediary group between Gypsisols and Solonchaks.
The influence of organic matter on calcium carbonate equilibrium in water extracts from solonchak solonetzic soils.
The main soil types are grey-brown desert soil, sandy soil, solonchak, meadow soil, and anthropogenic-alluvial soil [4].
The study soil was classified as a Solonchak and it was silt loam textured, with 0.49% of particles less than 0.002 mm, 45.14% of particles between 0.002 and 0.02 mm, and 54.37% of particles larger than 0.02 mm.
Tambien se encuentran feozem haplico, feozem lavico, litosol, vertisol pelico-fase sodica, gleysol molico y solonchak gleyico-fase sodica con textura fina.
following experimental formula for calculating the leaching water required for Solonchak soils is presented [9][12].
As manchas de solos predominantes na area delimitada sao: 1) Glei Pouco Humico (Gleissolos Haplicos) e, 2) Solonchak Sodico (Gleissolos Salicos) na area de manguezal, ambos com ocorrencia de tiomorfismo (Embrapa, 1999 e Radambrasil, 1983).
Habria que senalar que a excepcion de las rendzinas y del solonchak, el resto de los tipos de suelos estan registrados tanto en presencia como en ausencia de esta especie.