cell(redirected from somatic c's)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.
a small room as in a convent or prison; basic structural unit of all organisms: a one-celled animal
Not to be confused with:
sell – to transfer goods or render services in exchange for money: sell the car
top: plant cell
bottom: animal cell
1. A narrow confining room, as in a prison or convent.
2. A small enclosed cavity or space, such as a compartment in a honeycomb or within a plant ovary or an area bordered by veins in an insect's wing.
3. Biology The smallest structural unit of an organism that is capable of independent functioning, consisting of cytoplasm, usually one nucleus, and various other organelles, all surrounded by a semipermeable cell membrane.
4. Architecture See web.
5. The smallest organizational unit of a clandestine group or movement, such as a banned political movement or a terrorist group. A cell's leader is often the only person who knows members of the organization outside the cell.
a. A single unit for electrolysis or conversion of chemical into electric energy, usually consisting of a container with electrodes and an electrolyte; a battery. Also called electrochemical cell.
b. A single unit that converts radiant energy into electric energy: a solar cell.
7. A fuel cell.
a. A geographic area or zone surrounding a transmitter in a cellular telephone system.
b. A cell phone.
9. Computers A basic unit of storage in a computer memory that can hold one unit of information, such as a character or word.
10. A storm cell.
11. A small humble abode, such as a hermit's cave or hut.
12. A small religious house dependent on a larger one, such as a priory within an abbey.
13. A box or other unit on a spreadsheet or similar array at the intersection of a column and a row.
v. celled, cell·ing, cells
To store in a honeycomb.
To live in or share a prison cell.
1. a small simple room, as in a prison, convent, monastery, or asylum; cubicle
2. any small compartment: the cells of a honeycomb.
3. (Biology) biology the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms. It consists of a nucleus, containing the genetic material, surrounded by the cytoplasm in which are mitochondria, lysosomes, ribosomes, and other organelles. All cells are bounded by a cell membrane; plant cells have an outer cell wall in addition
4. (Biology) biology any small cavity or area, such as the cavity containing pollen in an anther
5. (General Physics) a device for converting chemical energy into electrical energy, usually consisting of a container with two electrodes immersed in an electrolyte. See also primary cell, secondary cell, dry cell, wet cell, fuel cell
6. (Chemistry) short for electrolytic cell
7. (Ecclesiastical Terms) a small religious house dependent upon a larger one
8. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a small group of persons operating as a nucleus of a larger political, religious, or other organization: Communist cell.
9. (Mathematics) maths a small unit of volume in a mathematical coordinate system
10. (Zoology) zoology one of the areas on an insect wing bounded by veins
11. (Broadcasting) the geographical area served by an individual transmitter in a cellular radio network
[C12: from Medieval Latin cella monk's cell, from Latin: room, storeroom; related to Latin cēlāre to hide]
(Film) a variant spelling of cel
1. a small room, as in a convent or prison.
2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole.
3. a usu. microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytoplasmic material enclosed by a semipermeable membrane and, in plants, a cell wall; the basic structural unit of all organisms.
4. a small group acting as a unit within a larger organization: a local cell of a political party.
5. a device that converts chemical energy into electricity, usu. consisting of two different kinds of conductors surrounded by an electrolyte; battery.
6. Also called electrolytic cell. a device for producing electrolysis, consisting essentially of the electrolyte, its container, and the electrodes.
7. a monastery or nunnery, dependent on a larger religious house.
8. one of the areas into which the wing of an insect is divided by the veins.
10. one of the separate areas covered by a radio transmitter in a cellular phone system.
[before 1150; Middle English celle (< Old French), Old English cell < Medieval Latin cella monastic cell, Latin: room; see cella]
1. The basic unit of living matter in all organisms, consisting of protoplasm enclosed within a cell membrane. All cells except bacterial cells have a distinct nucleus that contains the cell's DNA as well as other structures like mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum. The main source of energy for all of the biological processes that take place within a cell is ATP. See more at eukaryote, prokaryote.
2. Any of various devices or units within such devices that are capable of converting some form of energy into electricity. Solar cells convert sunlight into electricity, and car batteries contain cells that convert chemical energy into electricity.
Small group of individuals who work together for clandestine or subversive purposes.
Cella small religious group or community connected to a monastery or convent; a unit of persons forming part of a network in a political party; a communist cell; a cell of workers.
1. The basic unit of all living things.
2. The basic unit of the body. Most cells comprise a nucleus surrounded by cytoplasm within a membrane.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||cell - any small compartment; "the cells of a honeycomb"|
compartment - a space into which an area is subdivided
|2.||cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals|
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
recombinant - a cell or organism in which genetic recombination has occurred
blastomere - any cell resulting from cleavage of a fertilized egg
flagellated cell - any cell or one-celled organism equipped with a flagellum
fibre, fiber - any of several elongated, threadlike cells (especially a muscle fiber or a nerve fiber)
Kupffer's cell - specialized cells in the liver that destroy bacteria, foreign proteins, and worn-out blood cells
beta cell - a cell that produces insulin in the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas
cell membrane, cytomembrane, plasma membrane - a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell; "all cells have a cell membrane"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
blastema - a mass of undifferentiated cells from which an organ or body part develops
energid, protoplast - a biological unit consisting of a nucleus and the body of cytoplasm with which it interacts
fertilized ovum, zygote - (genetics) the diploid cell resulting from the union of a haploid spermatozoon and ovum (including the organism that develops from that cell)
parthenote - a cell resulting from parthenogenesis
cytol, cytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
cell nucleus, karyon, nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
cell organ, cell organelle, organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
vacuole - a tiny cavity filled with fluid in the cytoplasm of a cell
germ cell, reproductive cell, sex cell - a spermatozoon or an ovum; a cell responsible for transmitting DNA to the next generation
gametocyte - an immature animal or plant cell that develops into a gamete by meiosis
polar body - a small cell containing little cytoplasm that is produced along with the oocyte and later discarded
Sertoli cell, Sertoli's cell - elongated cells found in the seminiferous tubules of the testis; apparently they nourish the spermatids
plant cell - a cell that is a structural and functional unit of a plant
daughter cell - a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell; "anthrax grows by dividing into two daughter cells that are generally identical"
mother cell - cell from which another cell of an organism (usually of a different sort) develops; "a sperm cell develops from a sperm mother cell"
arthrospore - one of a string of thick walled vegetative resting cells formed by some algae and fungi
arthrospore - a body that resembles a spore but is not an endospore; produced by some bacteria
totipotent - having the ability to give rise to unlike cells; "embryonic stem cells are totipotent"
|3.||cell - a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction|
electrical device - a device that produces or is powered by electricity
electrolytic cell - a cell containing an electrolyte in which an applied voltage causes a reaction to occur that would not occur otherwise (such as the breakdown of water into hydrogen and oxygen)
fuel cell - cell that produces electricity by oxidation of fuel (hydrogen and oxygen or zinc and air); often used in electric cars
|4.||cell - a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement|
sleeper cell - a cell of sleepers; "an al-Qaeda sleeper cell may have used Arizona as its base"
radical cell, terrorist cell - a cell of terrorists (usually 3 to 5 members); "to insure operational security the members of adjacent terrorist cells usually don't know each other or the identity of their leadership"
political movement - a group of people working together to achieve a political goal
|5.||cell - a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver|
|6.||cell - small room in which a monk or nun lives|
convent - a religious residence especially for nuns
monastery - the residence of a religious community
room - an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling; "the rooms were very small but they had a nice view"
|7.||cell - a room where a prisoner is kept |
detention cell, detention centre, bullpen - a large cell where prisoners (people awaiting trial or sentence or refugees or illegal immigrants) are confined together temporarily
dungeon - a dark cell (usually underground) where prisoners can be confined
guardroom - a cell in which soldiers who are prisoners are confined
room - an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling; "the rooms were very small but they had a nice view"
sweatbox - small or narrow cell
خَلِيَّةخَلِيَّةٌ كَهْرَبائِيّهخَلِيَّهصَوْمَعَه، ، حُجَيْرَهنَخْروبٌ في خَلِيَّةِ نَحْل
1. a small room (especially in a prison or monastery). sel صَوْمَعَه، ، حُجَيْرَه килия cela cela die Zelle celle κελίcelda kong سلول selli celluleתא कैदखाने इत्यादि की छोटी कोठरी ćelija cella kurungan klefi cella 独房 독방 celė, vienutė kamera; celle sel celcellecela وړه كوټه (دزندان)، حجره (دجومات او كليسا): (ب) حجره (دحيوان او نباتى اجسامو): پرقى بېټرۍ cela celulă камера; келья cela celica ćelija cell ห้องเล็กๆ hücre 小房間 камера; келія کوٹھڑی xà lim 单人房间
2. a very small piece of the substance of which all living things are made; the smallest unit of living matter. The human body is made up of cells. sel خَلِيَّه клетка célula buňka die Zelle celle κύτταροcélula rakk سلول solu celluleתא कोशिका stanica sejt sel fruma cellula 細胞 세포 ląstelė šūna sel celcellekomórka سلول célula celulă клетка bunka celica ćelija cell เซลล์ göze, hücre 細胞 клітина خلیہ tế bào 细胞
3. (the part containing the electrodes in) an electrical battery. sel خَلِيَّةٌ كَهْرَبائِيّه ел. елемент (на батерия) célula článek (baterie) die Zelle celle ηλεκτρικό στοιχείο célula (elektri)akumulaator باتری kenno élémentתא बिजली के सेल baterija cella sel rafhlaða, rafhlöðueining elemento 電池 전지 elementas elements bateri kering batterijcel celleogniwo بطری célula element элемент článok galvanski element ćelija cell แบตเตอรี่ไฟฟ้า pil 電池 елемент بیٹری سیل pin 电池
4. one of many small compartments making up a structure. the cells of a honeycomb. sel نَخْروبٌ في خَلِيَّةِ نَحْل клетка alvéolo buňka, kobka die Zelle celle κελίcelda rakuke کوچکترین واحد سازنده kenno celluleתא कोष्ठक ćelija sejt ruang hólf cellula 巣穴 기초 조직 akutė (bišu) šūna sel celcellekomórka سلول alvéolo celulă ячейка bunka celica ćelija cell ส่วนประกอบขนาดเล็ก; ช่องเล็ก ๆ petek gözü (結構中的)單元 стільник خانہ lỗ tổ ong （大结构中的）小隔室cellular (ˈseljulə) adjective
1. consisting of cells. cellular tissue. selvormige خَلَوي ант. клетъчен celular buněčný Zell-... cellulær-; celle- κυτταρικόςcelular rakuline سلولی solumainen cellulaire תָּאִי कोशिकामय stanični sejt- mengandung sel frumu- cellulare 細胞の 세포의 ląstelių, ląstelinis šūnu- bersel cellulair, cel- som består av celler, celledelt; porøs, celle-, hull-komórkowy حجره لرونكى (په عضوې شيانو كې) celular celular клеточный bunkový celičen ćelijski cell-, cellformig, cellulär เกี่ยวกับเซลล์ hücreli, gözeli 蜂窩狀的 клітинний خلیات پر مشتمل thuộc tế bào 由许多小单元组成的，蜂窝状的
2. containing tiny hollow spaces. Foam rubber is a cellular substance. selvormige مُكَوَّن مِن خَلايا порест celular pórovitý netzartig cellular κυψελώδης celular poorne حفره دار؛ شبکه ای pieniä aukkoja sisältävä alvéolé תָּאי कोष्ठमय stanični sejtes seperti spons holóttur cellulare 多孔性の 다공성(多孔性)의 akytas, korytas šūnveida berongga-rongga poreus celedelt, celle-, hull- piankowy شبکي celular poros пористый pórovitý celičast ćelijski porös ซึ่งเป็นช่องเล็ก ๆ gözenekli, delikli 多孔的 пористий; ячеїстий خالی خانے có lỗ hổng 多孔的cellphone noun
see cellular phone.
cell→ خَلِيَّة buňka celle Zelle κύτταρο célula solu cellule ćelija cellula 細胞 세포 cel celle komórka célula клетка cell เซลล์ hücre tế bào 细胞
n. célula, unidad estructural de todo organismo viviente.