somatic cell


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somatic cell

n.
Any cell of a multicellular organism other than a germ cell. Also called body cell.

somatic cell

n
(Biology) any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells. Compare germ cell

somat′ic cell′


n.
1. one of the cells that take part in the formation of the body, becoming differentiated into the various tissues, organs, etc.
2. any cell of the body that is not a sexually reproductive cell (opposed to germ cell).
[1885–90]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.somatic cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cellssomatic cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
skin cell - any of the cells making up the skin
epithelial cell - one of the closely packed cells forming the epithelium
neoplastic cell - a cell that is part of tumor
bone cell - a cell that is part of a bone
blood cell, blood corpuscle, corpuscle - either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets
phagocyte, scavenger cell - a cell that engulfs and digests debris and invading microorganisms
visual cell - one of the cells of the retina that is sensitive to light
adipose cell, fat cell - cells composed of fat
muscle cell, muscle fiber, muscle fibre - an elongated contractile cell that forms the muscles of the body
Schwann cell - any cell that covers the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system and forms the myelin sheath
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
hybridoma - a hybrid cell resulting from the fusion of a lymphocyte and a tumor cell; used to culture a specific monoclonal antibody
labrocyte, mast cell, mastocyte - a large connective tissue cell that contains histamine and heparin and serotonin which are released in allergic reactions or in response to injury or inflammation
stem cell - an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentiate into other cell types (such as blood cells)
target cell - any cell that has a specific receptor for an antigen or antibody or hormone or drug, or is the focus of contact by a virus or phagocyte or nerve fiber etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Purchase of somatic cell counter
Mastitis is a persistent, inflammatory reaction of the udder tissue, which entails a decline in potassium, and is responsible for a higher somatic cell count and electrical conductivity of milk (Gaspardy et al.
The technique of somatic cell cloning in mammalians has been developed in the last few decades after the production of the first cloned sheep from a mammary gland cell [1].
Somatic cell count (SCC) is a key tool commonly used in the dairy industry to provide evidence of udder health, which in turn determines the quality of bovine and cattle milk.
In addition, SCNT can provide unique and interesting experimental systems for genomic research to learn how the somatic cell genome is reprogrammed into an equivalent state to that of the fertilized oocyte (Gurdon and Wilmut, 2011).
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be differentiated into any somatic cell type, making them a potentially valuable weapon against numerous diseases.
Microbiological, chemical and somatic cell analyses were performed to evaluate the effect of microfiltration on the composition of skim milk.
The efficacy of drug was judged on basis of significant decrease in somatic cell count and negativity of milk samples with modified california mastitis test (MCMT).
New research into direct reprogramming of one type of somatic cell into another without going through the stem cell stage is also covered.
Steward also proved that it was possible to generate clones by using somatic cell NT (2).
This study was carried out to determine the relationships between somatic cell count (SCC) and udder type scores (UTS) of Holstein cows.
Somatic cell count (SCC) is a measure of the concentration of epithelial cells and leukocyte in milk that have been directed by the body as a defense against bacterial invasion.