somatic cell


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

somatic cell

n.
Any cell of a multicellular organism other than a germ cell. Also called body cell.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

somatic cell

n
(Biology) any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells. Compare germ cell
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

somat′ic cell′


n.
1. one of the cells that take part in the formation of the body, becoming differentiated into the various tissues, organs, etc.
2. any cell of the body that is not a sexually reproductive cell (opposed to germ cell).
[1885–90]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.somatic cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cellssomatic cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
skin cell - any of the cells making up the skin
epithelial cell - one of the closely packed cells forming the epithelium
neoplastic cell - a cell that is part of tumor
bone cell - a cell that is part of a bone
blood cell, blood corpuscle, corpuscle - either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets
phagocyte, scavenger cell - a cell that engulfs and digests debris and invading microorganisms
visual cell - one of the cells of the retina that is sensitive to light
adipose cell, fat cell - cells composed of fat
muscle cell, muscle fiber, muscle fibre - an elongated contractile cell that forms the muscles of the body
Schwann cell - any cell that covers the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system and forms the myelin sheath
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
hybridoma - a hybrid cell resulting from the fusion of a lymphocyte and a tumor cell; used to culture a specific monoclonal antibody
labrocyte, mast cell, mastocyte - a large connective tissue cell that contains histamine and heparin and serotonin which are released in allergic reactions or in response to injury or inflammation
stem cell - an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentiate into other cell types (such as blood cells)
target cell - any cell that has a specific receptor for an antigen or antibody or hormone or drug, or is the focus of contact by a virus or phagocyte or nerve fiber etc.
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
* It is possible to utilize these advances to not only revert a cell in the body (somatic cell) back to the all-powerful pluripotent stem cell state, but also to activate telomerase and reset the clock of cell aging all the way back to the very beginning of life.
The scientist claims his team has succeeded in cloning eight coyotes: "We injected a coyote's somatic cell into a dog's egg and produced a cloned embryo."
The Human Cloning Prohibition Act of 2011 would make somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) illegal and would impose a felony charge on scientists who conduct such research.
MILK quality results from National Milk Laboratories (NML) show an unprecedented increase in somatic cell counts (SCC) in the past six weeks.
dairy exporters have reacted with anger to an EU decision to change the rules relating to the somatic cell count in U.S.
Al Ain Dairy, the first established dairy in the country, has adopted two new voluntary testing procedures - Food Lab System and Somatic Cell Counter - to ensure that all its products meet international quality standards in accordance with the company's recent ISO certification, said its CEO Abdullah Saif Al Darmaki.
O'Callaghan from Ireland (the development of a convenient test method for somatic cell count and its importance in milk production), Fabian Gafner from Switzerland (the airplane with reverse gear) and Aleksander Kubica and Wiktor Pilewski from Poland (spiral zone plates).
In particular, the new rules update the definitions and detailed scientific and technical requirements for gene therapy and somatic cell therapy medicinal products.
NIH is also prohibiting funding for research on stem cells derived through somatic cell nuclear transfer or parthenogenesis, or from embryos created solely for research purposes through IVF.
Cloning or somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) into enucleated oocytes to produce blastocysts, ESC and offspring has not been very successful, even in mice or monkeys (17).
(3) As a matter of fact, we do not know at this point which of the possible sources of disease-specific pluri-potent human stem cells--genetically screened IVF embryos, iPS cells, somatic cell nuclear transfer into enucleated oocytes, (4) or somatic cell chromosome transfer into zygotes and blastomeres that have had their own chromosomes removed (5)--will prove to be the best for clinical applications, all other things considered.