Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to somatotype: somatotype theory


 (sō-măt′ə-tīp′, sō′mə-tə-)
The structure or build of a person, especially to the extent to which it exhibits the characteristics of an ectomorph, an endomorph, or a mesomorph.

so·mat′o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Anthropology & Ethnology) a type or classification of physique or body build. See endomorph, mesomorph, ectomorph
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



bodily structure, proportions, appearance, and development.
[1820–30; < French < Latin physicus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


a particular type of human physique. Cf. ectomorphy, endomorphy, mesomorphy.
See also: Body, Human
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.somatotype - a category of physique
body-build, build, physique, habitus - constitution of the human body
asthenic type, ectomorphy - slender, weak, and lightweight
endomorphy, pyknic type - round, fat, and heavy
athletic type, mesomorphy - muscular and big-boned
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
That is why the present research was organized in order to provide description of anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype components of active elite Kosovo athletes from three topical sports (basketball, handball and football) and to investigate possible differences in relation to competition level.
Effect of team sports on aerobic performance of human body in view of somatotype. Indian Journal of Science and Technology.
Physical characteristics and somatotype of soccer players according to playing level and position.
Effects of sexual maturation on body composition, dermatoglyphics, somatotype and basic physical qualities of adolescents.
Masculine somatotype and hirsuteness as determinants of sexual attractiveness to women.
Some authors, disclose the selection criteria of the hogh performance player model: the somatotype, the physiotype or the ergotype (movement capacity), and the psychotic or psychic characteristics.
Body structure, somatotype, and motor fitness of top-class Belgian judoist.
In addition, GH can modify physiological responses to exercise training, especially somatotype hormone responses (Duclos, 2001).
[Comparative study of dermatoglyphics, somatotype and maximal oxygen uptake of the Brazilian CP-football team athletes and professional regular football athletes.] Fit Perform J.
Somatic symptoms, such as blue sclera, dislocations, scars, easy bruising, and leptosomatic somatotype, do not require specific intervention, but they provide information about the physical phenotype of JHS/hEDS and can facilitate the diagnosis.
Some researchers have used the Heath-Carter method to classify individual athletes according to three essential elements, namely, endomorphy (relative adiposity), meso morphy (the tendency for relative musculoskeletal development) and ectomorphy (the tendency to relative linearity), which results in the somatotype or biotype of the subject.