Kug, 2015b: Climate model biases and El Nino Southern Oscillation
Scientists from Rutgers University in New Branchwick, New Jersey, were interested in samples of Southern oscillation
after several volcanic eruptions in the tropics, including the eruptions of the volcanoes of Santa Maria in Guatemala in 1902, Agung in Indonesia in 1963, El Chichon in Mexico in 1982 and Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991.
EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION
AND TORNADO FREQUENCYIN ALABAMA.
El Nino Southern Oscillation
(ENSO) events that coincide with abnormally high surface temperatures in the Indian Ocean (during 1997 and 1998, 30 deg.C (50 deg.F) resulted in increased oceanic evaporation, eventually causing unusually wet weather across India.
Earlier, experts said that the long dry spell experienced during an El Nino Southern Oscillation
episode places forested areas more at risk to fires.
One of the dramatic manifestations of the interaction between the oceans and the atmosphere and its effects on both climate and weather is the Southern Oscillation
, one of the consequences of which is El Nino.
Despite high sea surface temperatures, some El Nino indicators such as the Southern Oscillation
Index (SOI) are showing signs of easing, however the weather system is likely to persist well into 2016.
The most important widely-used signals are El-Nino Southern Oscillation
(ENSO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), Arctic Oscillation (AO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and Southern Oscillation
However, many weather and climate patterns normally associated with El Nino Southern Oscillation
(ENSO) were observed in many parts of the world.
El NiEo is the warm phase of the El NiEo Southern Oscillation
(commonly called ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific and causes global changes in both temperatures and rainfall.
In Southern California, climate events such as El Nino Southern Oscillation
and Pacific Decadal Oscillation can greatly influence the growth of a species.
The Australian counterpart of our Meteorological Service maintains a so-called Southern Oscillation
index which tracks, on a daily basis, the monthly variance in air pressure between Tahiti and Darwin.