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 (sŏf-kôz′, sôv-KHôz′)
A state-owned farm that paid wages to workers in the former Soviet Union.

[Russian, short for sovetskoe khozyaĭstvo, soviet farm.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(sɒfˈkɒz; Russian safˈxɔs)
n, pl, sovkhozy (sɒfˈkɒzɪ; Russian safˈxɔzi)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in the former Soviet Union) a large mechanized farm owned by the state
2. (Agriculture) (in the former Soviet Union) a large mechanized farm owned by the state
[C20: Russian, from sovetskoe khozyaistvo soviet economy]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
These were kolkhoz and sovkhoz names, many of which were commemorative.
Serdyukov with a calf experimentally infected with Taenia saginata tapeworms, Sovkhoz Rossia, Altai Krai, western Siberia, Russia, 1975.
This entailed moving beyond the fragmentation of farms and fostering the formation of kolkhoz and sovkhoz (collective and state farms) as well as agricultural mechanisation.
Two cars collided in Sokuluk district on April 29 on the highway from Voenno-Antonovka to Sovkhoz Frunze, the press service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations said today.
Much of part one describes the horrendous conditions that Neufeld experienced in Soviet prisons, on prisoner trains to and from Siberia, in Soviet labor camps (including Bamlag in Siberia and Ukhtpechlag in the Komi Republic), and in a sovkhoz (state farm) on the Ukhta River.
While successor enterprises of Soviet state farms (sovkhoz) dominate the institutional landscape in reindeer herding, private clan communities are developing rapidly in the North of the okrug and hold three-quarters of the reindeer population (Stammler, 2005).
Her special attention merits the shift from sound- to whole-word reading methods in the early Soviet years (think early-twentieth-century euphonious exercise phrases like "u liski usiki" [the little fox has little whiskers] versus "kolkhoz, sovkhoz, traktor" from the 1920s-30s').
Many rural people had great expectations in the late 1980s, when the first reforms allowed private farmers to begin on kolkhoz and sovkhoz land.
The International Crisis Group underlines this inequity, quoting an interviewee in Gharm: "A sovkhoz consisting of 180 families in the Jirgatal district was distributed among only 30 households.
From 1987 to 1992, he worked as a director of the Lenin sovkhoz (state farm) in Dangara region.
Why is it kolhoz and sovhoz appear (instead of kolkhoz and sovkhoz) throughout the book, when the same letter appears otherwise in Kazakhstan or Khabarovsk (which is also misspelled as "Khabarvovsk" on page 57 and "Kharabovsk" on page 101)?