Based on type, the main sub-categories include soy protein concentrates, soy protein isolate, soy flour
and textured soy protein.
Defatted soy flour
(7B) was provided by Archer Daniels Midland; pMDI (MONDUR 541) and emulsified wax (Hexion Bord'N-Seal FMH-XD) were provided by Huber Corporation.
(protein: 52%; moisture: 10%) purchased from Xianglin Food Co., Ltd, China, was used as received.
Sensory physical evaluation of biscuit supplemented with soy flour
. Pakistan Journal of Food Science., 13(1-2): 45-48.(2003)
Textured soy flour
holds one additional edge over its more expensive counterpart.
Textured vegetable protein (TVP) is a dry food product, usually made from defatted soy flour
, from which soluble carbohydrate has been removed, and the residue is textured by spinning or by extrusion.
The products, appropriately coded (ACF = 100% whole meal Acha flour, MSA = 90:10% whole meal Acha/malted soy flour
, TSG = 80:20% wholemeal Acha/malted soy flour
, AZR = 70:30% whole meal Acha/malted soy flour
and JMA = 60:40% whole meal Acha/malted soy flour
) and of the same quantity (10 ml) and temperature (29 [+ or -] 3oC) were placed in white plastic plates.
As a result, finished products have a less pronounced soy flavour than product formulated with soy flour
* Specialty proteins (including isolated soy proteins, textured vegetable protein, soy protein concentrates, and soy flour
For example, if adjustments are made to the formula on an existing product to now contain soy flour
, it is important that communication back to the packaging manufacturer is made and that two elements are covered: