bibronii breeding sites were the Eastern Banjo Frog Limnodynastes dumerilii, Common Spadefoot
Toad Neobatrachus sudelli, Southern Brown Tree Frog Litoria ewingii, Plains Froglet Crinia parinsignifera and Common Froglet C.
The western spadefoot
(Spea hammondii), which shares a similar distribution as B.
2002: Morphological differentiation of eastern spadefoot
toad (Pelobates syriacus) populations.
This feature makes them a preferred substrate for numerous reptiles and amphibians occurring within the region, particularly those with burying or burrowing tendencies such as the southern California legless lizard (Anniella stebbinsi), the California glossy snake (Arizona elgans occidentalis), Blainville's horned lizard (Phrynosoma blain villii), the Gilbert skink (Plestiodon gilberti), and the western spadefoot
(Spea hammondii) (Mosauer, 1932; Lemm, 2006; Stebbins and McGinnis, 2012).
That's because the Eastern spadefoot
toad, now completely buried, is a burrowing toad.
Postembryonic ontogeny of the spadefoot
toad, Scaphiopus intermontanus (Anura: Pelobatidae): External morphology.
Whether she describes a spadefoot
toad spending most of its life deep underground listening only for rain or recounts the challenges she faced in "trusting the music" during her piano lessons, Hurd strives for precision and balance.
(Scaphiopus holbrookii) --The Eastern Spadefoot
was first recorded in the Stemler Cave area on 30 July 2004 (Week 2006a, INHS 19542) when eight juvenile individuals were observed in the perimeter area of the preserve following heavy rains.
However, in 2014, a breeding population of Plains Spadefoot
(Spea bombifrons) was confirmed in YNP (Fig.
areolatus), Plains Spadefoot
Toad (Spea bombifrons), Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis), and Four-toed Salamander (Hemidactylium scutatum).
Amphibians like the eastern spadefoot
toad, and reptiles like eastern hognose snakes and spotted turtles, can also be found in the barrens or along the shore of Rensselaer Lake.
In comparison, Dave's Pond yielded 21 species of amphibians and reptiles including the state endangered crawfish frog (Lithobates areolatus); the spadefoot
toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii), which had previously been known in Indiana no closer than 65 miles to the southeast; the newt (Notophthalmus viridescens), which has not been found recently at any other locality in Vigo County or the surrounding counties in Indiana and Illinois; and Kirtland's snake (Clonophis kirtlandii), another species of special concern.