Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (spăr′ĭd, spâr′-)
Any of various fishes of the family Sparidae, which includes the porgies and the sea breams.

[From New Latin Sparidae, family name, from Sparus, type genus, from Latin, a kind of fish, from Greek sparos.]

spar′id adj.


(ˈspærɪd) or


(Animals) any marine percoid fish of the chiefly tropical and subtropical family Sparidae, having a deep compressed body and well-developed teeth: includes the sea breams and porgies
(Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the family Sparidae
[C20: from New Latin Sparidae, from Latin sparus a sea bream, from Greek sparos]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sparid - spiny-finned food fishes of warm waters having well-developed teeth
percoid, percoid fish, percoidean - any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of the order Perciformes
family Sparidae, Sparidae - porgies; scups
Archosargus probatocephalus, sheepshead - large (up to 20 lbs) food fish of the eastern coast of the United States and Mexico
Lagodon rhomboides, pinfish, sailor's-choice, squirrelfish - similar to sea bream; small spiny-finned fish found in bays along the southeastern coast of the United States
Chrysophrys auratus, snapper - Australian food fish having a pinkish body with blue spots
References in periodicals archive ?
A similar pattern of niche complementarity involving diet and habitat was found in a study of sparid fishes inhabiting rocky habitats of the Mediterranean coast (Sala & Ballesteros 1997).
Is the timing of spawning in sparid fishes a response to sea temperature regimes?
Ontogenetic patterns in diet and feeding morphology in sympatric sparid fishes from seagrass meadows.
The diminutive size of the sparid jaw elements not identified beyond a family level complement the evidence provided by the estimated size range for snapper and bream: the Mt Trefle fish assemblage is dominated by a high frequency of small juvenile fish of the family Sparidae.
This sparid is one of the most abundant, potentially exploitable reef fishes in the northeastern GOM but is only lightly fished there, entirely by hook-and-line gear.
The application of yield-per-recruit models to two South African sparid reef species, with special consideration to sex change.
Abstract--The carpenter seabream (Argyrozona argyrozona) is an endemic South African sparid that comprises an important part of the handline fishery.