Such a high density was not particularly attractive for specialized predators such as sparids
Length has also been seen as unreliable for estimating the age for other sparids
, including red porgy (Pagrus pagrus; Hood and Johnson, 2000), black bream (Acanthopagrus butcheri; Sarre and Potter, 2000), pinfish (Lagodon rhomboids; Nelson, 2002), and littlehead porgy (Calamus proridens; Tyler-Jedlund and Torres, 2015).
Gordoa A, Moli B (1997) Age and growth of the sparids
The last decade has seen an increasing interest in allometric growth during early development of fish such as sparids
(Kouttouki et al.
It is also a temporary habitat for several migratory species that seek food in these productive waters, such as mullets (Mugil), sciaenids (Kuhlia), clupeids (Ethmalosa), serranids, belonids, and sparids
The next six most abundant species were a labrid, Halichoeres bivittatus (733 individuals), the gobies Gnatholepsis thompsoni (666 individuals) and Coryphopterus glaucofraenum (350 individuals), a pomacentrid, Stegastes partitus (327 individuals), a group of unidentified sparids
(294 individuals), and the pomacentrid Stegastes diencaeus (214 individuals).
For example, densities of reef fishes and larger sparids
(Diplodus sargus, Diplodus bellottii, and Diplodus vulgaris) have been reported to be significantly higher at older habitats (Lindberg et al.
Hybridization has been successfully obtained in many species such as carp, catfish, salmonids, sparids
, sunfish, oyster, and crayfish, among others, as a means of improving production traits like growth, survival, thermal tolerance, and disease resistance, as well as of manipulating sex ratios and producing sterile individual (Bartley et al.
laticeps), both sparids
, were found in areas open than in areas closed to fishing--a finding attributed to selective removal of larger size classes (Buxton, 1993).
In the western Atlantic (Florida, Louisiana, and Texas), Saloman and Naughton (1984) reported that small jacks fed primarily on clupeids and larger fish fed usually on clupeids, carangids, and sparids
, but penaenoid shrimps, crabs, and other invertebrates were also consumed.
ignobilis, whereas apogonids, percichthyids, sciaenids, and sparids
have similar [U.
Gametogenesis was similar to that described for other late gonochoristic sparids