specificity

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spe·cif·ic

 (spĭ-sĭf′ĭk)
adj.
1.
a. Explicitly set forth; definite: wrote specific instructions. See Synonyms at explicit.
b. Clear or detailed in communicating: Be specific when telling us what you need.
2.
a. Limited, distinctive, or unique: problems specific to small colleges.
b. Intended for, applying to, or acting on a particular thing: a specific remedy for warts.
c. Concerned particularly with the subject specified. Often used in combination: "age-specific voting patterns" (A. Dianne Schmidley).
3. Relating to, characterizing, or distinguishing a species: a specific name.
4.
a. Designating a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition.
b. Having a remedial influence or effect on a particular disease.
5. Immunology Having an affinity limited to a particular antibody or antigen.
6.
a. Designating a customs charge levied on merchandise by unit or weight rather than according to value.
b. Designating a commodity rate applicable to the transportation of a single commodity between named points.
n.
1.
a. Something particularly fitted to a use or purpose.
b. A remedy intended for a particular ailment or disorder.
2.
a. A distinguishing quality or attribute.
b. specifics Distinct items or details; particulars.

[Medieval Latin specificus : Latin speciēs, kind, species; see species + Latin -ficus, -fic.]

spe·cif′i·cal·ly adv.
spec′i·fic′i·ty (spĕs′ə-fĭs′ĭ-tē) n.

spec•i•fic•i•ty

(ˌspɛs əˈfɪs ɪ ti)

n.
1. the quality or state of being specific.
2. Biol. the selective attachment or influence of one substance on another, as of an antibiotic on its target organism.
[1875–80]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.specificity - the quality of being specific rather than general; "add a desirable note of specificity to the discussion"; "the specificity of the symptoms of the disease"
particularity, specialness - the quality of being particular and pertaining to a specific case or instance; "the particularity of human situations"
2.specificity - the quality of being specific to a particular organism; "host specificity of a parasite"
particularity, specialness - the quality of being particular and pertaining to a specific case or instance; "the particularity of human situations"
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Different cut points result in different sensitivities and specificities. For a given test, there is a tradeoff between the sensitivity and specificity.
The new screens' sensitivities and specificities are lower than those of the three longer pediatric OSA screens currently available.
The first paper describes the development and optimisation of a next-generation, dimerisation-dependent CRISPR-based nuclease technology platform that demonstrates markedly enhanced genomic specificities. The cleavage activity of dimeric RNA-guided dead Cas9 (dCas9)-FokI Nucleases, called RFNs, is depending on the binding of two guide RNAs (gRNAs) to DNA with a defined spacing and orientation.
The latest addition to the outstanding 'Fairleigh Dickinson University Press Series in Italian Studies', "Re-reading Italian Americana: Specificities and Generalities on Literature and Criticism" is a 198 page compendium comprised of eight major literary analyses by Anthony Julian Tamburri (Dean of the John D.
Data on costs do not exist, but a comparison of organization types under asset specificities can indirectly identify effectiveness and efficiency.
Thus, in the proceeding discussion all of the reported sensitivities, specificities, and predictive values are in comparison to the findings of arthroscopy which as the gold standard is deemed to have a 100% sensitivity and specificity.
This means that the sensitivities and specificities are calculated from the data at hand across all possible cutoff values within the range of the test results, with the cutoff value leading to the highest Youden index then being selected.
(9-12) Likewise, the [chi square] test and ANOVA did not indicate any statistically significant difference among the specificities of the three types of FNAB, which ranged from 44 to 94%.

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