specificity


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spe·cif·ic

 (spĭ-sĭf′ĭk)
adj.
1.
a. Explicitly set forth; definite: wrote specific instructions. See Synonyms at explicit.
b. Clear or detailed in communicating: Be specific when telling us what you need.
2.
a. Limited, distinctive, or unique: problems specific to small colleges.
b. Intended for, applying to, or acting on a particular thing: a specific remedy for warts.
c. Concerned particularly with the subject specified. Often used in combination: "age-specific voting patterns" (A. Dianne Schmidley).
3. Relating to, characterizing, or distinguishing a species: a specific name.
4.
a. Designating a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition.
b. Having a remedial influence or effect on a particular disease.
5. Immunology Having an affinity limited to a particular antibody or antigen.
6.
a. Designating a customs charge levied on merchandise by unit or weight rather than according to value.
b. Designating a commodity rate applicable to the transportation of a single commodity between named points.
n.
1.
a. Something particularly fitted to a use or purpose.
b. A remedy intended for a particular ailment or disorder.
2.
a. A distinguishing quality or attribute.
b. specifics Distinct items or details; particulars.

[Medieval Latin specificus : Latin speciēs, kind, species; see species + Latin -ficus, -fic.]

spe·cif′i·cal·ly adv.
spec′i·fic′i·ty (spĕs′ə-fĭs′ĭ-tē) n.

spec•i•fic•i•ty

(ˌspɛs əˈfɪs ɪ ti)

n.
1. the quality or state of being specific.
2. Biol. the selective attachment or influence of one substance on another, as of an antibiotic on its target organism.
[1875–80]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.specificity - the quality of being specific rather than general; "add a desirable note of specificity to the discussion"; "the specificity of the symptoms of the disease"
particularity, specialness - the quality of being particular and pertaining to a specific case or instance; "the particularity of human situations"
2.specificity - the quality of being specific to a particular organism; "host specificity of a parasite"
particularity, specialness - the quality of being particular and pertaining to a specific case or instance; "the particularity of human situations"
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Incorporating focused cardiac ultrasonography (FoCUS) into clinical examination has greater sensitivity, but not greater specificity, than clinical assessment alone for identifying left ventricular dysfunction and aortic or mitral valve disease, according to a review published Aug.
M2 PHARMA-January 31, 2019-Centogene Develops New Validation Framework to Optimize Specificity and Sensitivity in Whole Exome Sequencing-Based Diagnostics
Multiple logistics regression analysis was done and sensitivity and specificity were tested through Pearson chi square test.
Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated using SPSS v 20.
In the study, PyL demonstrated high sensitivity in reliably detecting distant metastatic prostate cancer lesions and high specificity in confirming the absence of pelvic lymph node disease.
The important difference between antiCCP and rheumatoid factors is the high specificity of anti-CCP for RA.
Sensitivity and specificity are widely used to assess the accuracy of a diagnostic test when the test result is binary, such as yes vs no, or positive vs negative.
The purpose of this article is to review 3 such analytical terms: sensitivity, specificity, and receiver operating characteristic curves.
Algorithm developed provided accuracy (83%), sensitivity (82.9%) and specificity (78.1%) using all features with Instance-based k nearest neighbour classifier using cross validation.
In conjunction, the ClariTest can be performed as early as ten weeks of gestational age, can be performed in twin and egg donor pregnancies, has excellent sensitivity and specificity and has the lowest failure rate in the industry.
The NLR (1,8) produced a sensitivity of 78% , and specificity of 43%.

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