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An observer of an event, especially a sports contest.

[Latin spectātor, from spectāre, to watch; see spectacle.]

spec′ta·to′ri·al (-tə-tôr′ē-əl) adj.
spec′ta·tor·ship′ n.


the state of being a spectator
References in periodicals archive ?
After an introduction to ethics, chapters discuss the nature of sport, including its elements, the philosophy of sport, and internalism and internal values in sport; competition and fair play, including sportsmanship, winning and athletic superiority, cheating, gamesmanship, intentional rules violations, and strategic fouling; doping and genetic enhancement; gender and sexual equality; and issues related to race, spectatorship, and politics.
The festival featured considerable media coverage and large spectatorship, said His Highness, adding that the sponsors are partners in the success achieved by the festival.
But the operatic arias that burst from some of Cardiff and Bures Miller's drawers, not to mention the look of the work itself, relate more to an era when this kind of spectatorship was being closed off.
The final section of the book, "Witness," begins by turning a familiar argument concerning the ethics of literary witnessing on its head: instead of "rhetorically enact[ing] [its] inability to capture the truth about war, terror, and suffering" for a privileged, western reading public, the contemporary world novel "actually works across this chasm in that it is symptomatic of the foreshortening of the distance between the postcolonial world's violent spasms and the various forms of spectatorship that have been generated in the global West" (178).
Instead, "(TO THE SPECTATOR:)," staged by the anonymous collective Studio for Propositional Cinema, presented a series of texts, plus a performance, concerning spectatorship.
This book represents the first book-length anthology of scholarly work on blaxploitation film, the volume has eleven essays employing historical and theoretical methodologies in the examination of spectatorship, marketing, melodrama, the transition of novel to screenplay, and racial politics and identity, among other significant topics.
This spectatorship foregrounds a notion of constructed "Self" on and off screen that is directly related to the author as a person and is projected to the viewer through the cinematic apparatus.
This place may actually be my Mother Ship, come to think of it The Art of Spectatorship is a funny old thing.
Indeed, the contrast Whitlock draws between the two narratives structures the ethical binary that defines Whitlock's study: namely, the difference between Tench's "detached" role as spectator of suffering (which she models upon the moral philosophy of Adam Smith) and the "anguished" spectatorship that Equiano invokes (which she models upon the aesthetics of Edmund Burke).
Rogers explores the material configurations of these transformations of the cinematic apparatus, drawing on Baudry's discussions of the disposit if but also employing an approach which assumes a model of spectatorship centred on embodiment and affect.
Discussion: Power of the Spectatorship, Eyes of the People
Jason Middleton, Documentary's Awkward Turn: Cringe Comedy and Media Spectatorship (Routledge Research in Cultural and Media Studies), New York, NY: Routledge, 2013, 186 pp.