sphingosine


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Related to sphingosine: cerebroside, ceramide, sphingomyelin

sphin·go·sine

 (sfĭng′gə-sēn′)
n.
A basic, long-chain, unsaturated amino alcohol, C18H37NO2, that combines with lipids to form sphingolipids.

[German Sphingosin : Greek sphingos, genitive of sphinx, sphinx (from the mysteries it presented to early observers) + -ine.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

sphingosine

(ˈsfɪŋɡəsɪn; -ˌsiːn)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a long-chain compound occurring in sphingomyelins and cerebrosides, and from which it can be released by hydrolysis. Formula: CH3(CH2)12CH:CHCH(OH)CH(NH2)CH2OH
[from sphingos-, from Greek sphingein to hold fast + -ine2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Reidy, "Sphingosine 1-phosphate: a regulator of arterial lesions," Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol.
The [sup.13][C.sub.5]-labeled sphingosine 9 was then prepared using a cross-metathesis methodology in which the known chiral allylic alcohol 8 served as the second olefin reaction partner, next to [sup.13][C.sub.5]-olefin 7.
All sphingolipids are composed by a long-chain sphingoid base backbone (e.g., sphingosine), an amide-linked long-chain fatty acid and one of various polar head groups, that defines the various classes of sphingolipid subtypes, such as a hydroxyl group in ceramide, phosphorylcholine in sphingomyelin (SM), and carbohydrates in glycosphingolipids (GLSs).
They found that resveratrol used a one-two punch to stop inflammation in the mice by preventing the body from creating two different molecules known to trigger inflammation, sphingosine kinase and phospholipase D.
One of the first clues emerged in 1986, when Hannun, Merrill, and their colleagues discovered that sphingosine, the simplest fat in this family, is a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC).
It is an oral and selective sphingosine 1-phosphate 1 (S1PR1) and 5 (S1PR5) receptor modulator in development for immune-inflammatory indications such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, in addition to multiple sclerosis.
The main sphingolipids include sphingomyelin (SM), ceramide (Cer), ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P), sphingosine (Sph), sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), glucosylceramide (GluCer), lactosylceramide (LacCer), gangliosides, and galactocerebrosides.
Ozanimod is an oral, sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator that binds with high affinity selectively to S1P subtypes 1 and 5.
10,278,960 entitled "Sphingosine Pathway Modulating Compounds for the Treatment of Cancers" that is directed to methods for treating hepatocellular carcinoma, the most common human liver cancer, using the compound Ozanimod, the company said.
(NYSE/TSX: BHC) ("Bausch Health"), announced today that its affiliate has entered into an exclusive licensing agreement with Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation (MTPC) (TSE: 4508) to develop and commercialize MT-1303 (amiselimod), a late-stage oral compound that targets the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor that plays a role in autoimmune diseases, such as Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and ulcerative colitis.
It is a next generation and selective sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator developed to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis, including CIS, relapsing remitting disease and active secondary progressive disease, in adults.

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