Growth, R&D Spillovers
and the Role of Patent Systems: A Compendium of 20 Years of Research on Innovation Economics
Going back to the work of noted British economist Arthur Pigou, economic experts have advocated subsidizing activities with positive spillovers
and taxing those with negative spillovers
HETEROGENEOUS EXPORT SPILLOVERS
ON DOMESTIC COMPANIES IN MEXICO
Assigning patents and citations to these clusters, they capture the geographic extent of knowledge spillovers
1) In order to address the question, we consider the nature and form of inward FDI to the region, as well as provide a simple test for horizontal spillovers
in the manufacturing industry at the aggregate and sectoral level (Aitken and Harrison, 1999; Javorcic, 2004; Haskell et al, 2007).
4 billion at end-June amid slow economic growth in a tough domestic operating environment characterized by ongoing political tensions and fears of spillovers
from the regional security conditions.
Strong growth has been underpinned by construction and tourism sector activity and their favorable spillovers
on the rest of the economy, supported by surging inflows from its Citizenship-by-Investment (CBI) program.
Draghi said, 'Monetary policy has inevitably created destabilizing spillovers
as well, especially when business cycles have been less aligned.
ISLAMABAD -- Minister of State for Information Technology Anusha Rahman highlighted the need for concerted effort led by ITU, at a regional level to mitigate the cross-border frequency spillovers
in neighboring countries.
Patent citations are something of a paper trail for knowledge spillovers
The latter studies of FDI externalities often emphasize the positive productivity spillovers
via vertical linkages--i.
On the negative side, risks relate to slow progress in addressing the high level of non-performing loans in the banking system and the drag on private credit, the possibility of spillovers
-largely through confidence effects- from Greece, and developments in Russia".