spinal accessory

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Related to spinal accessory: vagus nerve
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Noun1.spinal accessory - arises from two sets of roots (cranial and spinal) that unite to form the nervespinal accessory - arises from two sets of roots (cranial and spinal) that unite to form the nerve
cranial nerve - any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem
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References in periodicals archive ?
The neurologic deficit caused by the cranial positioning of the right diaphragm due to the injuryofthe phrenic nerve, as well as from the spinal accessory nerve injury, reduced this patient's quality of life.
A tracheostomy below the thyroid isthmus and bilateral neck dissection, preserving the spinal accessory nerve, internal jugular vein and sternocleidomastoid muscle, were performed (Figures 3 and 4).
Specific care was executed during the dissection to avoid injury to the spinal accessory nerve, which pass through the SCM.
A major complication associated with this surgery constitutes the injury to the spinal accessory nerve in addition to injury to the great vessels and lymphatic vessels [1].
Objective: To describe the functional outcome of spinal accessory to supra-scapular nerve transfer procedure for shoulder abduction following closed brachial plexus injury.
The surgical community is also confronted with the same necessity to accurately identify the location of C1, which serves as an anatomical landmark for surgeries and treating various otolaryngeal conditions, including injuries to the spinal accessory nerve.
Spinal accessory nerve schwannoma involving the jugular foramen.
This subluxation pattern shows manifestation or dysfunction of the tissues involving the brainstem, the vagal nerve or cranial nerve 10 and the spinal accessory nerve or cranial nerve 11.
The muscles affected are principally those supplied by the spinal accessory nerve.
Spinal accessory nerve palsy commonly occurs as a result of iatrogenic injury, usually during lymph node excision in the posterior cervical triangle.
Oswaldo Suarez gets the credit for popularizing functional neck dissection where by the spinal accessory nerve is carefully preserved to the extent where tumor involvement allows.2
Direct distal spinal accessory nerve (SAN) transfer into the suprascapular nerve outside the zone of injury represents our present reconstructive strategy of choice for reinnervation of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus in order to promote shoulder stability and restore active external rotation.