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[Latin spīrāns, spīrant-, present participle of spīrāre, to breathe.]

spi′ran·tize′ v.


(Phonetics & Phonology) another word for fricative
(Phonetics & Phonology) a fricative consonant
[C19: from Latin spīrāns breathing, from spīrāre to breathe]


(ˈfrɪk ə tɪv)
1. a consonant sound, as (th), (v), or (h), characterized by audible friction produced by forcing the breath through a constricted or partially obstructed passage in the vocal tract.
2. of or pertaining to a fricative.
[1855–60; < Latin fricāt(us), past participle of fricāre; see friction]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spirant - a continuant consonant produced by breath moving against a narrowing of the vocal tract
continuant, continuant consonant - consonant articulated by constricting (but not closing) the vocal tract
sibilant, sibilant consonant - a consonant characterized by a hissing sound (like s or sh)
Adj.1.spirant - of speech sounds produced by forcing air through a constricted passage (as `f', `s', `z', or `th' in both `thin' and `then')
soft - (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward the hard palate; characterized by a hissing or hushing sound (as `s' and `sh')


n (Ling, Phon) → Spirans m, → Spirant m, → Reibelaut m
References in periodicals archive ?
You get 'svarabhakti' only between a liquid or nasal and a dissimilar liquid or nasal or spirant, 'th' won't do it, but 'fh' might.
Elsewhere d was a spirant, English th in "thou." (1949: 15) Konow deviated slightly from the Leumann values with his view that dr was /dr/ rather than /[??]r/.
He added that spirant students were still waiting to start quality education in this institute.
In the phonetic literature, preaspiration is noted as being typologically rare, and when present, it is usually employed as a cover term for a variety of segmental configurations, including a spirant homorganic to a following oral plosive (e.g.
The Mari spirant [delta] (< *d) is not a fully regular representative of the PU cluster *nt, but there are parallels for the denasalization of this cluster: cf.
Changes in the shape of the tongue and track, particularly in spirant and explodent speeches, can produce a whirlpool on the track boundary layer that subsequently becomes a chaotic on flow [11].
11,5 maris salubria flamina; 11,5 sedatis hibernis tempestatibus et lenitis maris procellosis fluctibus; 11,7 magnoque procellarum sedato fragore ac turbido fluctuum tumore posito mare quietas adluuies temperabat; 11,25 tuo nutu spirant flamina.
"the voicing of the labiodental spirant between voiced sounds".
the characteristic Dutch shift ft > cht under achter 'after', while others are characterized in the glossary, such as the Germanic spirant law under the heading Primarberuhrung (p.
Liquid "l," alveolar sonorant, flowing into bilabial voiced stop "b," and forming eventually into labiodental voiceless spirant "f," the word sounds the rhythm by which the world ceaselessly hums.
SPIRANT DANCER should step lively in the NNAB Novices' Hurdle (1.50) at Fakenham today, writes David Milnes.