spirochaete


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

spirochaete

(ˈspaɪrəʊˌkiːt) or

spirochete

n
(Microbiology) any of a group of spirally coiled rodlike bacteria that includes the causative agent of syphilis. See treponema
[C19: from New Latin spīrochaeta; see spiro-2, chaeta]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spirochaete - parasitic or free-living bacteria; many pathogenic to humans and other animals
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
order Spirochaetales, Spirochaetales - higher bacteria; slender spiral rodlike forms
treponema - spirochete that causes disease in humans (e.g. syphilis and yaws)
borrelia - cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever
Borrelia burgdorferi, Lime disease spirochete - cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes
leptospira - important pathogens causing Weil's disease or canicola fever
References in periodicals archive ?
Compared with the Essentiale group, Bacteroidetes (at the phylum and class levels), Bacteroidales (at the order level), Prevotellaceae (at the family level), and Prevotella (at the genus level) were increased, while Firmicutes, Spirochaete (at the phylum level), Actinobacteria, Spirochaetes (at the class level), Clostridiales, Lactobacillales (at the order level), Ruminococcaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Lactobacillales (at the family level), Lactobacillus, and Oscillospira, Treponema and Ruminococcus (at the genus level) were decreased in the model group.
Host migration impacts on the phylogeography of Lyme borreliosis spirochaete species in Europe.
Li, "A surface-exposed neuraminidase affects complement resistance and virulence of the oral spirochaete Treponema denticola," Molecular Microbiology, vol.
Firstly, many ticks were positive for Borrelia, the spirochaete bacterium that is responsible for Lyme Disease, and, again, this was consistent throughout the UK.
The Reagin is not specific for T.pallidum but is generated in response to spirochaete induced damage to cellular membranes and is a useful indicator of the disease activity.
Long-term antibiotic therapy for PTLDS is based on the risk that patients may have hidden reservoirs of the bacterium, a spirochaete called Borrelia burgdorferi, that causes lyme disease.
Contagious Ovine Digital Dermatitis was first described in 1997 and is a severe, painful condition associated with a spirochaete bacterial infection.
Treponema pallidum (TP) is a spirochaete bacterium and the main species of medical importance that causes syphilis.
In the United States, the black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis)is the main vector of the spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi, which is the etiologic agent of Lyme disease, a tick-borne zoonosis that is worldwide (Estrada-Pefia and Jongejan, 1999).
Dietary enzyme and zinc bacitracin reduce colonisation of layer hens by the intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira intermedia.