spirochete


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spi·ro·chete

 (spī′rə-kēt′)
n.
Any of various slender, spiral, motile bacteria of the order Spirochaetales, many of which are pathogenic, causing syphilis, relapsing fever, yaws, and other diseases.

[New Latin Spīrochaeta, genus name : Latin spīra, coil; see spire2 + New Latin chaeta, bristle, hair; see chaeta.]

spi′ro·chet′al (-kēt′l) adj.

spi•ro•chete

(ˈspaɪ rəˌkit)

n.
any of various mobile, very slender, tightly to loosely coiled bacteria of the family Spirochaetaceae, including pathogenic species that are the cause of syphilis, leptospirosis, or relapsing fever.
[1875–80; < New Latin Spirochaeta. See spiro-, chaeta]

spi·ro·chete

(spī′rə-kēt′)
Any of various bacteria that are shaped like a spiral, some of which can cause disease in humans.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spirochete - parasitic or free-living bacteria; many pathogenic to humans and other animals
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
order Spirochaetales, Spirochaetales - higher bacteria; slender spiral rodlike forms
treponema - spirochete that causes disease in humans (e.g. syphilis and yaws)
borrelia - cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever
Borrelia burgdorferi, Lime disease spirochete - cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes
leptospira - important pathogens causing Weil's disease or canicola fever
Translations
spirocheta
spirochète

spi·ro·chete

n. espiroqueta, microorganismo espiral de la especie Spirochaetales que incluye el microorganismo causante de la sífilis.

spirochete

n espiroqueta
References in periodicals archive ?
Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium that is classified as a spirochete. Another spirochete, Treponema pallidum, is a bacterium that has more than likely drastically changed human history.
Borrelia miyamotoi is a spirochete that causes a relapsing febrile illness and is transmitted by hard Ixodes species ticks (1,2).
"It's a bug- a spirochete - so you take these antibiotics, and they start killing it," she said.
The spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi is the primary cause of Lyme disease in North America; it is carried by hard-bodied ticks that then feed on smaller mammals, such as white-footed mice, and larger animals, such as white-tailed deer.
The spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi is the primary cause of Lyme disease in North America; it is carried by hard-bodied ticks that then feed on smaller mammals such as white-footed mice and larger animals such as white-tailed deer.
Results inferred there is statistically significant difference between klebsiella species (p=0.02,<0.05) before and after cementation were 1.50 x [10.sup.6]cfu and 1.70 x [10.sup.6]cfu, spirochete (p=0.015,<0.05) were 1.50 x 106cfu and 1.64 x [10.sup.6]cfu, lactobacillus (p=0.04,<0.05) were 1.47 x [10.sup.6]cfu and 1.73 x [10.sup.6]cfu, streptococcus (p= 0.013,<0.05) were 1.36 x [10.sup.6]cfu and 1.52 x [10.sup.6]cfu.
The potential for cross-reactivity of commercially available antibodies for T pallidum with other spirochete species poses a potential diagnostic pitfall when biopsies are taken from locations wherein spirochetes may be encountered.
Furthermore, they have supported the identification of cellular receptors for spirochete adherence in addition to various strategies for inducing an adaptive immune response against spirochetes in vitro (5).
A solitary painless genital ulcer marks the first (primary) stage of infection with the spirochete Treponema pallidum (table (1-3)).
Although all three stages can feed on humans, nymphs are responsible for the vast majority of spirochete transmission to humans [23], but adult I.
pallidum, an anaerobic filamentous spirochete. (1) The primary stage is known as syphilis chancre.
Borrelia miyamotoi is a spirochete related to Borrelia burgdorferi, the microorganism that causes Lyme disease, and is transmitted by the same four tick species that carry B.