Lack of access to appropriate surveillance tools such as spirometry
poses a major barrier to diagnosis and appropriate treatment in patients with chronic respiratory ailments such as COPD and asthma in poorly resourced countries.
These are devices, complexes, instruments, systems for measuring external respiration parameters (volumeters, peak flow meters, pneumotachographs, pneumotachometers, pressure tachographs, flow meters, spirographs, spirometry
, spiroanalyzers), spirometry
channels of medical monitors, ophthalmological tonometers, indicators and eyeglass meters, indicators and eyeglasses, eye gouges, sphyrometry channels, eye monitors, ophthalmologic instruments, indicators and eyeglasses, gauges, sphyrometry, intraoperators sampling devices.
(5-7) The reasons for diagnostic error in COPD and asthma are multifactorial, stemming from insufficient knowledge of clinical practice guidelines and underutilization of spirometry
is one of the simple, easily, readily available, and cheap methods using simple equipments for analyzing the pulmonary function.
Objectives: To establish age-specific normative spirometry
reference range along with regression equation for children and adolescents.
For one thing, the new classification system, which became known as GOLD 2017, uncoupled spirometry
results from the ABCD treatment algorithm.
Lung function tests are essential for the diagnosis and management of different respiratory tract diseases; among them the spirometry
is the gold standard technique.
 So assessment of pulmonary function by spirometry
in patients suffering from hypothyroidism is of great importance.
The objective of the study was to determine the pattern of spirometry
findings in subjects presenting with dyspnea in Bannu, KP, Pakistan.
The CWHSP testing of U.S coal miners includes respiratory health screening through questionnaires, spirometry
testing and chest radiology when they enter the coal mining workforce and periodically throughout their tenure.
is a pulmonary function test indicated for the diagnosis and monitoring of respiratory diseases, widely used in scientific research and public health [8,9].
Findings also show that just half (54.3%) of patients diagnosed within the past two years had a record of any spirometry
test with a result consistent of COPD.