He notes that he can cultivate the Spiroplasma
taken from a prion-diseased animal and infect a healthy animal, and that animal then gets sick.
The 491-bp amplicon sequence was 100% identical to that of Spiroplasma
apis strain ATCC 33834 (GenBank accession no.
High and low temperatures differently affect infection density and vertical transmission of male-killing Spiroplasma
symbionts in Drosophila hosts.
Classification of circulating hemocytes from the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii and their susceptibility to the novel pathogen Spiroplasma
eriocheiris in vitro.
Along with maize bushy stunt phytoplasma, other pathogens are efficiently transmitted by leafhoppers from the genus Dalbulus, such as maize rayado fino virus and corn stunt spiroplasma Spiroplasma
kunkeii (Whitcomb et al.
Other pathogens that might be present include spiroplasma
and mycoplasma, which are a type of bacterium without a cell wall that are common contaminants in cell lines.
The primary genera includes the Mycoplasma, Spiroplasma
, Ureaplasma, and Phytoplasma.
Zhao et al., "iTRAQ-based proteomic study of the effects of Spiroplasma
eriocheiris on Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis hemocytes," Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol.
Overwintering of corn leafhopper, Dalbulus maidis (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), and Spiroplasma
kunkelii (Mycoplasmatales: Spiroplasmataceae) in California's San Joaquin Valley.
(2005), leafhoppers attack can transmit phytoplasma or spiroplasma
for the plants, causing several changes in plant development and the spread of abnormal cobs due to the hormonal unbalance of the plants.
Genetic diversity of Spiroplasma
citri strains from different regions, hosts, and isolation dates.