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Related to spiroplasma: mycoplasma, Phytoplasma


Any of various small spiral-shaped bacteria of the genus Spiroplasma that lack a cell wall, move by means of a flexing motion, and cause diseases in some plants and insects.

[New Latin Spīroplasma, genus name : Latin spīra, coil; see spire2 + plasma.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He notes that he can cultivate the Spiroplasma taken from a prion-diseased animal and infect a healthy animal, and that animal then gets sick.
The 491-bp amplicon sequence was 100% identical to that of Spiroplasma apis strain ATCC 33834 (GenBank accession no.
High and low temperatures differently affect infection density and vertical transmission of male-killing Spiroplasma symbionts in Drosophila hosts.
Classification of circulating hemocytes from the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii and their susceptibility to the novel pathogen Spiroplasma eriocheiris in vitro.
Along with maize bushy stunt phytoplasma, other pathogens are efficiently transmitted by leafhoppers from the genus Dalbulus, such as maize rayado fino virus and corn stunt spiroplasma Spiroplasma kunkeii (Whitcomb et al.
The primary genera includes the Mycoplasma, Spiroplasma, Ureaplasma, and Phytoplasma.
Zhao et al., "iTRAQ-based proteomic study of the effects of Spiroplasma eriocheiris on Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis hemocytes," Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol.
Overwintering of corn leafhopper, Dalbulus maidis (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), and Spiroplasma kunkelii (Mycoplasmatales: Spiroplasmataceae) in California's San Joaquin Valley.
(2005), leafhoppers attack can transmit phytoplasma or spiroplasma for the plants, causing several changes in plant development and the spread of abnormal cobs due to the hormonal unbalance of the plants.
Genetic diversity of Spiroplasma citri strains from different regions, hosts, and isolation dates.