spleen


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Related to spleen: liver, pancreas, Ruptured spleen

spleen

 (splēn)
n.
1.
a. A large, highly vascular lymphoid organ, located in the human body to the left of the stomach below the diaphragm, that serves as a reservoir for blood, destroys old red blood cells, and contains lymphocytes that combat blood-borne antigens.
b. A homologous organ or tissue in other vertebrates.
2. Obsolete This organ conceived as the seat of emotions or passions.
3. Ill temper: vent one's spleen.
4. Archaic Melancholy.
5. Obsolete A whim; a caprice.

[Middle English splen, from Old French esplen, from Latin splēn, from Greek.]

spleen′y adj.

spleen

(spliːn)
n
1. (Anatomy) a spongy, highly vascular organ situated near the stomach in man. It forms lymphocytes, produces antibodies, aids in destroying worn-out red blood cells, and filters bacteria and foreign particles from the blood.
2. (Zoology) the corresponding organ in other animals
3. spitefulness or ill humour; peevishness: to vent one's spleen.
4. archaic the organ in the human body considered to be the seat of the emotions
5. (Psychology) archaic another word for melancholy
6. obsolete whim; mood
[C13: from Old French esplen, from Latin splēn, from Greek; related to Latin lien spleen]
ˈspleenish, ˈspleeny adj

spleen

(splin)

n.
1. a highly vascular, glandular, ductless organ, situated in humans at the cardiac end of the stomach, serving chiefly in the formation of mature lymphocytes, in the destruction of worn-out red blood cells, and as a reservoir for blood.
2. (formerly) this organ conceived of as the seat of spirit and courage or of such emotions as mirth, ill humor, melancholy, etc.
3. ill humor, peevish temper, or spite.
4. Archaic. melancholy.
5. Obs. caprice.
[1250–1300; Middle English (< Old French esplen) < Latin splēn < Greek splḗn; akin to Latin liēn spleen]

spleen

(splēn)
An organ in vertebrate animals that in humans is located on the left side near the stomach. Mainly composed of lymph nodes and blood vessels, the spleen filters the blood, stores red blood cells, destroys old red blood cells, and produces white blood cells called lymphocytes.

spleen

A large organ behind the stomach. It filters and stores blood.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spleen - a large dark-red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragmspleen - a large dark-red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm; produces cells involved in immune responses
lymphatic tissue, lymphoid tissue - tissue making up the lymphatic system
arteria lienalis, lienal artery, splenic artery - an artery that originates from the celiac trunk and supplies blood to the spleen
splenic vein, vena lienalis - a vein formed by several small veins on the surface of the spleen; joins the superior mesenteric to form the portal vein
lymphatic system, systema lymphaticum - the interconnected system of spaces and vessels between body tissues and organs by which lymph circulates throughout the body
2.spleen - a feeling of resentful anger
bad temper, ill temper - a persisting angry mood

spleen

Related words
adjectives splenetic, splenic, lienal

spleen

noun
A tendency to become angry or irritable:
Informal: dander.
Slang: short fuse.
Idiom: low boiling point.
Translations
طِحال
слезка
melsa
slezinasplín
milt
lieno
põrn
طحال
pernasappi
तिल्ली
slezena
lép
limpa
milta
脾臓
지라
lien
blužnis
liesa
പ്ലീഹ
splină
slezina
vranica
slezinaслезина
mjälte
wengu
lách

spleen

[spliːn] N
1. (Anat) → bazo m
2. to vent one's spleen (fig) → descargar la bilis

spleen

[ˈspliːn] n
(ANATOMY)rate f
(= anger) → mauvaise humeur f
to vent one's spleen on sb → déverser sa bile sur qn

spleen

n (Anat) → Milz f; (fig)Zorn m, → Rage f ? vent VT

spleen

[spliːn] n (Anat) → milza
to vent one's spleen (fig) → sfogarsi

spleen

(spliːn) noun
an organ of the body, close to the stomach, which causes changes in the blood.

spleen

n. bazo, órgano vascular linfático, situado en la cavidad abdominal;
accesory ______ accesorio.

spleen

n bazo; accessory — bazo accesorio
References in classic literature ?
For this last, and many other good reasons, Western at length heartily hated his wife; and as he never concealed this hatred before her death, so he never forgot it afterwards; but when anything in the least soured him, as a bad scenting day, or a distemper among his hounds, or any other such misfortune, he constantly vented his spleen by invectives against the deceased, saying, "If my wife was alive now, she would be glad of this.
Many honours I want not, nor great treasures: they excite the spleen.
Why, the whole point, the real sting of it lay in the fact that continually, even in the moment of the acutest spleen, I was inwardly conscious with shame that I was not only not a spiteful but not even an embittered man, that I was simply scaring sparrows at random and amusing myself by it.
The confusion thus produced on board, and the derangement of the cargo caused by this petty trade, stirred the spleen of the captain, who had a sovereign contempt for the one-eyed chieftain and all his crew.
It is allowed, that senates and great councils are often troubled with redundant, ebullient, and other peccant humours; with many diseases of the head, and more of the heart; with strong convulsions, with grievous contractions of the nerves and sinews in both hands, but especially the right; with spleen, flatus, vertigos, and deliriums; with scrofulous tumours, full of fetid purulent matter; with sour frothy ructations: with canine appetites, and crudeness of digestion, besides many others, needless to mention.
For whenever the temper of the Women is thus exasperated by confinement at home or hampering regulations abroad, they are apt to vent their spleen upon their husbands and children; and in the less temperate climates the whole male population of a village has been sometimes destroyed in one or two hours of simultaneous female outbreak.
Captain Bonneville remarked his rising spleen, and regretted that he had no juice of the grape to keep it down.
That was necessary and unavoidable; it was the private intrusions which I resented with all the spleen the sea had left me in exchange for the qualities it had taken away.
Where was his spleen, his contempt for life, his disillusionment?
Between the two girls, Georgina is in need of more help because her spleen has to be removed.
Objective: To determine the diagnostic value of spleen size assessment on ultrasound as predictor of esophageal varices in patients of liver cirrhosis, using upper GI endoscopy as the gold standard.
A MAN whose spleen was removed after a vicious knife attack 16 years ago died after contracting an infection.