Fan et al., "Research on the incidence of depression & anxiety of patients with cervical spondylopathy
and psychological & ethical intervention," Chinese Medical Ethics, vol.
Meanwhile, we excluded participants with (1) other concurrent peripheral neuropathies; (2) any of the contradictions of MR scan or metallic implants on the skull causing serious artifacts; (3) confirmed history of diabetes mellitus, cervical spondylopathy
, rheumatic disease, multiple sclerosis, chronic pain, or cerebral diseases.
Ye et al., "Controlled study on treatment of cervical spondylopathy
of the nerve root type with acupuncture, moxibustion and massage as main," Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol.
We used these search terms: neck pain, chronic non-specific neck pain, neck syndrome, cervical spondylosis, cervical spine, cervical disc, cervical radiculopathy, cervical spondylopathy
, acupotomy, acupotome, needle-knife, needle scalpel.
Exclusion criteria: (1) any known cause of nerve dysfunction other than compression, including diabetes mellitus, hepatic and renal dysfunction, cervical spondylopathy
, history of arm trauma, malignant carcinoma, or toxicosis (e.g., alcohol), hypothyroidism, amyloidosis, Vitamin B12 deficiency, connective tissue disease, infection, and hereditary disease; (2) severe deformation of the upper limb so that the patients could not perform neurophysiological tests; and (3) neurophysiological test abnormalities found in any nerve other than the ulnar nerve.
Prevention of premature apoptosis of endplate chondrocytes is a potential therapeutic strategy in maintaining IVD health and preventing spondylopathy
A diagnosis of ochronotic spondylopathy
We did not include patients who had nondegenerative spinal admissions in the previous year, such as spinal fracture, vertebral dislocation, spinal cord injury, or inflammatory spondylopathy
. We also excluded patients who, in the previous year, had inpatient admission codes for accidents, neoplasm, HIVor immune deficiency, intraspinal abscess, osteomyelitis, infection, pregnancy, and cervical or thoracic spinal diagnoses and/or procedures.
Moreover, fungal spondylitis and spondylopathy
have also been encountered in penguins.