spongiform encephalopathy


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spongiform encephalopathy

n.
Any of a group of degenerative diseases of the brain characterized by the progressive formation of vacuoles in the cells of the cerebral cortex.
References in periodicals archive ?
Published in the August issue of the American Journal of Pathology, the study sought to find out more about the early incubation period of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, which is a fatal disease in cattle that causes portions of the cows' brains to turn sponge-like.
Molecular discrimination of atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy strains from a geographical region spanning a wide area in Europe.
This government report on current and proposed safeguards against the outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("Mad Cow Disease") focuses on measures introduced by the US Department of Agriculture and the FDA as a response to three documented cases in North America since 2003.
Buhlke's comments were issued in response to an appeal filed by USDA regarding the March 29, 2007 federal court decision handed down in Creekstone's favor regarding voluntary testing for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) commonly referred to as "mad cow" disease.
However, some prion diseases can pass between species--bovine spongiform encephalopathy has killed people, for example.
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE): causes and consequences of a common source epidemic.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare type of spongiform encephalopathy.
In 1986, scientists discovered the disease was a type of spongiform encephalopathy (in-SEH-fuh-LAH-puh-thee), a category of diseases that destroys neurons and leaves small holes in the brain.
Most policies covering agribusiness specifically exclude mad cow disease or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy from policies, leaving it up to niche underwriters such as General Fire & Casualty' and Denver-based Farm Credit Services Inc.
The disease found in two Italian cows was so different from standard BSE, scientists have given it a new name, bovine amyloidotic spongiform encephalopathy, or BASE, because it creates amyloid plaques" in the brain.
After years of trepidation, the unwanted happened: a cow afflicted with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)--mad cow disease--was discovered in the U.
Mad cow disease, known also as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, eats holes in the brains of cattle.