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A short pike carried by infantry officers and sergeants in the 1700s.

[French sponton, from Italian spuntone : s-, intensive pref.; see sforzando + puntone, kind of weapon, augmentative of punto, point (from Latin pūnctum, from neuter past participle of pungere, to pierce, prick; see peuk- in Indo-European roots).]


(Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) a form of halberd carried by some junior infantry officers in the 18th and 19th centuries
[C18: from French esponton, from Italian spuntone, from punto point]



a short pike used as a weapon in the 17th and 18th centuries.
[1590–1600; < French esponton]
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References in classic literature ?
I remember when in my younger days I had heard of the wonders of Italian painting, I fancied the great pictures would be great strangers; some surprising combination of color and form; a foreign wonder, barbaric pearl and gold, like the spontoons and standards of the militia, which play such pranks in the eyes and imaginations of school-boys.
For some reason, Kris didn't want a pipe tomahawk, and especially not a spontoon type tomahawk, even though historic photos showed Comanches had a preference for spontoon heads.
An ensign, seeking to avenge the Gefreiter's death, was harrying the old man with a long spontoon (something between a pike and ax, now obsolete in the infantry though still used in the navy).