The categories are: Causal prophylactic drugs (act on the pre-erythrocytic forms); Gametocytocidal drugs (act on gametocytes); Sporontocidal drugs (inhibit the sporogonic
phase of development of the parasite in the mosquito) and last Schizontocidal drugs (act on the asexual erythrocytic forms of all species of malaria parasites).
Bacteria in midguts of field-collected Anopheles albimanus block Plasmodium vivax sporogonic
In such conditions, climate change is too insignificant to influence anopheline transmission activity, temperature ensures a rapid sporogonic
cycle, the vector is highly anthropophilic, and vector survivorship is long.
for maintenance during sporogonic
cycle in the vector .
Human blood fed on by mosquitoes every 4 days at 17[degrees]C consequentlyspeeds up parasite sporogonic
development leading to an increased transmission efficacy [16, 17].
These protozoa use bivalves as intermediate hosts for gametogonic and sporogonic
life stages and complete their life cycle in the digestive tract of crustaceans.
Plas modium falciparum: Inhibition of sporogonic
development in Anopheles stephensi by gram-negative bacteria.
development of Haemoproteus meleagridis (Haemosporina: Haemoproteidae) in Culicoides edeni (Diptera:Ceratopogonidae).
A third level in which the parasite's life cycle can be interrupted is the sporogonic
phase, which occurs in the mosquito's intestine.
To be passed on to humans, the parasite requires successful completion of the sporogonic
cycle in the midgut and the salivary glands of the mosquito (6).